Geriatric-oriented high dose nutraceutical ODTs: Formulation and Physicomechanical characterization.


CONTEXT Oral disintegrating tablets (ODTs) represent a better option than conventional tablets for geriatric population, owing to their fast onset of action and their better patient compliance. OBJECTIVE Two principal therapeutic high-dose nutraceuticals; chondroitin sulphate and glucosamine were formulated into an oral disintegration tablet (ODT) intended for sublingual administration, and optimized to improve compliance and achieve rapid onset of action in osteoarthritis treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS Different formulations were prepared either by melt granulation or direct compression techniques. Excipients at different ratios such as superdisintegrants, pharmaburstTM C1, spray-dried mannitol, and polyethylene glycols were used to enhance the disintegration time for the ODT systems. RESULTS Although the ODT systems weighed around 1.3 gm with 60% drug load, some systems disintegrated within 2-3 min with 100% drug release. PharmaburstTM C1 turned out to be the key excipient responsible for the superdisintegration properties of the ODTs. Dissolution enhancement of the two nutraceuticals could be achieved compared to the marketed conventional tablets. CONCLUSION The improved disintegration and dissolution properties of our prepared ODTs is expected to enhance the bioavailability of the high dose glucosamine and chondroitin sulphate in comparison with conventional tablets, which delineates them as a promising dosage form for the aforementioned nutraceuticals.

DOI: 10.2174/1567201814666170320143824

Cite this paper

@article{Agiba2017GeriatricorientedHD, title={Geriatric-oriented high dose nutraceutical ODTs: Formulation and Physicomechanical characterization.}, author={Ahmed M Agiba and Sameh M Abdel-Hamid and Maha Nasr and Ahmed Shawky Geneidi}, journal={Current drug delivery}, year={2017} }