New Philadelphia Archaeology: Race, Community, and the Illinois Frontier
- shAcKel, pAul A
Geophysical surveys, including magnetic field gradient and electrical resistance techniques, were conducted at New Philadelphia to identify productive locations for excavation, investigate the community plan, and present students with training in these techniques. Excavation of a sample of the most promising anomalies identified foundations, stone-lined and pit cellars, wells, a privy, and other features. Archival records available during the fieldwork provided no evidence for the presence of four features constructed in the 1840s and 1850s. Features directly associated with houses, such as foundations and cellars, are located very near the platted locations of streets, alleys, and corners, whereas many of the non-residential features occur in the middle portions of lots.