Geography’s Crosscutting Themes: Golden Anniversary Reflections on “The Four Traditions of Geography”

  title={Geography’s Crosscutting Themes: Golden Anniversary Reflections on “The Four Traditions of Geography”},
  author={Alexander B. Murphy},
  journal={Journal of Geography},
  pages={181 - 188}
  • A. B. Murphy
  • Published 11 July 2014
  • Geography
  • Journal of Geography
ABSTRACT William Pattison’s seminal 1964 article outlining geography’s four core traditions provided an informative overview of distinct strands of research and teaching in geography. His article enhanced appreciation of the discipline’s intellectual diversity, but it did not address why the identified traditions should be grouped together under a single disciplinary umbrella. The concern of a broad range of geographers with spatial relationships, place characterization, and geographical… 

Placing Intentional Communities in Geography

Abstract This article situates intentional communities (ICs) in the discipline of geography, and outlines an agenda for further research into the geographies and experiences of ICs, insofar as such

The Nature of Geography and Its Perspectives in AP® Human Geography

ABSTRACT AP Human Geography students need to develop an understanding of what it means to examine the world around them from a geographic perspective. Focusing attention on geography's concern with

Concepts, Conceptualization, and Conceptions in Geography

Abstract This article explores concepts and the conceptualization process in geography. Much of the literature around these ideas uses terminology and ontological descriptions in multiple ways,

Human-Environment Thinking and K-12 Geography Education

Abstract Pollution issues, anthropogenic climate change, and biodiversity declines, formerly local in scope, accumulate to threaten crossing planetary boundaries and tipping Earth’s system to an

Assessing sustainability teaching and learning in geography education

Purpose This study aims to understand if geographers, who teach in a new sustainability program, are conveying new knowledge, understanding, skills and competence about the integrated and

Developing a Learning Progression for Place

Abstract The concept and characteristics of place within geography education are surveyed in the context of learning progressions. Beginning with place's history and relevance in geographic thought,

Combining Geography, Math, and Science to Teach Climate Change and Sea Level Rise

Abstract This study examines the effectiveness of integrating geography into existing math and science curriculum to teach climate change and sea level rise. The desired outcome is to improve student

Spatiotemporal Dynamics of the Human Critical Area (HCA) in the “Three Water Lines” Region of Northwest China and the Impact of Socioeconomic Factors between 2000 and 2020

The Human Critical Area (HCA) is an area that characterizes the surface landscape created by human beings in the Anthropocene. Based on the signatures left by major human activities over the Earth′s

Testing the effectiveness of creative map mnemonic strategies in a geography class

This study investigated the effects of creative-map instructional strategies on learning performance, learning motivation, and creativity in a junior high school geography class. A quasi-experimental

Vegetation response to wildfire and climate forcing in a Rocky Mountain lodgepole pine forest over the past 2500 years

Wildfire is a ubiquitous disturbance agent in subalpine forests in western North America. Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia), a dominant tree species in these forests, is largely



A New Look at the Four Traditions of Geography

Abstract In the May 1964 issue of the JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHY, William D. Pattison presented a brief and excellent statement concerning the main themes in geography.' His four traditions article has

Advancing geographical understanding

Work in contemporary human geography only occasionally addresses the grand, empirically based regional narratives that figure prominently in the public debate. Since such narratives have a powerful

New Horizons for Regional Geography

Two prominent U.S. geographers outline the framework and mandate of an emerging new regional geography as a tool for understanding rapid and profound changes in the contemporary world. In so doing,


The role of physical geography (and its practitioners) in the affairs of the Association of American Geographers and in the development of American geography has been varied in both substance and


ABSTRACT The current U.S. emphasis on geography as spatial organization has evolved over the last fifty years from an early emphasis on man-land relations followed by an emphasis on areal

The Four Traditions of Geography

In 1905, one year after professional geography in this country achieved full social identity through the founding of the Association of American Geographers, William Morris Davis responded to a

Area Studies after Poststructuralism

In this paper we address the question of ‘what next after poststructuralism’ through a reassessment of area studies. In a narrative of our own involvement with place-oriented research and

Tobler's First Law of Geography: A Big Idea for a Small World?

As one of 13 geographers elected into the U.S. National Academy of Sciences after World War II, Waldo Tobler’s contributions to geography are well known. The late Peter Gould (1979) even remarked

Contested Identities: Human-Environment Geography and Disciplinary Implications in a Restructuring Academy

ions are homologous, and will the understanding gained prove significant to problem-solving? As a discipline, we may have grown comfortable in our understanding and acceptance of the connections

Prospects for Geography as an Interdisciplinary Discipline

The drive to examine broad-ranging problems that encompass a complex mix of phenomena and processes has spurred the conduct of research that bridges traditional disciplines. Geographers have played