Geographic and genetic boundaries of brown bear (Ursus arctos) population in the Caucasus

  title={Geographic and genetic boundaries of brown bear (Ursus arctos) population in the Caucasus},
  author={Marine Murtskhvaladze and Alexander Gavashelishvili and David Tarkhnishvili},
  journal={Molecular Ecology},
The taxonomic status of brown bears in the Caucasus remains unclear. Several morphs or subspecies have been identified from the morphological (craniological) data, but the status of each of these subspecies has never been verified by molecular genetic methods. We analysed mitochondrial DNA sequences (control region) to reveal phylogenetic relationships and infer divergence time between brown bear subpopulations in the Caucasus. We estimated migration and gene flow from both mitochondrial DNA… 

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