Gentrification, Land Use, and Crime

  title={Gentrification, Land Use, and Crime},
  author={John Macdonald and Robert J. Stokes},
  journal={Annual Review of Criminology},
Over the past twenty years, many US cities have seen urban revitalization and population changes associated with an increased desire for urban living among the affluent. As inner-city neighborhoods become gentrified, they are more likely to witness the construction of new buildings and homes, the conversion of industrial spaces to mixed-used developments, expanded access to mass transit, and the arrival of coffee shops and other urban amenities. In this review, we take stock of what is known… 
Crime and Neighborhood Change in the Nation’s Capital: From Disinvestment to Gentrification
Research on crime and neighborhood racial composition establishes that Black neighborhoods with high levels of violent crime will experience an increase in Black residents and concentrated
Reducing crime by remediating vacant lots: the moderating effect of nearby land uses
Place-based blight remediation programs have gained popularity in recent years as a crime reduction approach. This study estimated the impact of a citywide vacant lot greening program in Philadelphia
Disorder or Disadvantage: Investigating the Tension Between Neighborhood Social Structure and the Physical Environment on Local Violence
A renewed interest in understanding the relationship of the built environment with neighborhood crime patterns has encouraged researchers to utilize novel methods (e.g., risk terrain modeling) to
Spatial spillover effects of crime on private investment at nearby micro-places
Criminal activity may influence the decisions of existing property owners or prospective investors to invest in a property, given the potential elevated expenses and increased uncertainty that often
Green Gentrification and Health: A Scoping Review
It is suggested that public health, urban planning, and parks professionals could collaborate to enhance the use of green space for marginalized residents and their feelings of inclusion in gentrifying areas.
Dead Spaces: Sport Venues and Police Stops in a Major League, Upper Midwestern City in the United States
Attention by sport management researchers and practitioners toward the societal externalities of professional sport franchises and venues has increased recently. This study asserts that while sport
Firearm Violence, Access to Care, and Gentrification
In this case study of a national crisis, the pattern of change paradoxically resulted in an increased clustering of shootings around trauma centers in non-gentrified areas.
Painting a Way Out of a Corner: An Assessment of the Relationship of Public Art with Neighborhood Violence
This study examines the relationship of blight reduction with violent crime in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. We examine whether an initiative to paint murals in high-crime areas was associated with decli...


It is found that many of Seattle's downtown tracts underwent rapid revitalization during the 1990's, and that these areas saw reductions in crime relative to similar tracts that did not gentrify, and were areas with higher-than-average crime at the beginning of the decade.
Does Gentrification Affect Crime Rates?
The emergence of gentrification in American cities during the 1970s surprised most urban observers because it contradicted the general trend of urban decline. The middle class was suddenly and
The back-to-the-city movement: Neighbourhood redevelopment and processes of political and cultural displacement
While certain US cities are still depopulating, others have experienced a reversal of aggregate out-migration patterns. Some scholars, politicians and real estate boosters celebrate this urban
Gentrification: Culture and Capital in the Urban Core
Gentrification, the conversion of socially marginal and working-class areas of the central city to middle-class residential use, reflects a movement, that began in the 1960s, of private-market
The Effect of Housing Demolitions on Crime in Buffalo, New York
Objectives: From 2010 through 2015, the city of Buffalo demolished over 2,000 residences. This study examines whether those demolitions resulted in crime reductions. Methods: Analysis was conducted
Crime Control in the City: A Research-Based Briefing on Public and Private Measures
Crime control deserves priority in urban policymaking. High crime rates are a drag on community development and a great burden on households that cannot afford to relo cate. Successful control of
Neighborhood Change and Crime in the Modern Metropolis
Few empirical studies of crime have treated neighborhoods as dynamic entities, by examining how processes of growth, change, and decline affect neighborhood rates of crime. From a small yet
The Spatial Dimensions of Gentrification and the Consequences for Neighborhood Crime
This study examines neighborhood economic improvement, what is occurring in nearby neighborhoods, and the consequences for neighborhood crime rates. Negative binomial regression models are estimated
Has Falling Crime Invited Gentrification?
Over the past two decades, crime has fallen dramatically in cities in the United States. We explore whether, in the face of falling central city crime rates, households with more resources and