Genomic analysis of 6,000-year-old cultivated grain illuminates the domestication history of barley

  title={Genomic analysis of 6,000-year-old cultivated grain illuminates the domestication history of barley},
  author={Martin Mascher and V. Schuenemann and Uri Davidovich and Nimrod Marom and A. Himmelbach and Sariel H{\"u}bner and A. Korol and Michal David and Ella Reiter and Simone Riehl and M. Schreiber and Samuel H. Vohr and R. E. Green and I. K. Dawson and J. Russell and B. Kilian and G. Muehlbauer and R. Waugh and T. Fahima and J. Krause and E. Weiss and N. Stein},
  journal={Nature Genetics},
  • Martin Mascher, V. Schuenemann, +19 authors N. Stein
  • Published 2016
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Nature Genetics
  • The cereal grass barley was domesticated about 10,000 years before the present in the Fertile Crescent and became a founder crop of Neolithic agriculture. Here we report the genome sequences of five 6,000-year-old barley grains excavated at a cave in the Judean Desert close to the Dead Sea. Comparison to whole-exome sequence data from a diversity panel of present-day barley accessions showed the close affinity of ancient samples to extant landraces from the Southern Levant and Egypt, consistent… CONTINUE READING
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