Genome Streamlining in a Cosmopolitan Oceanic Bacterium

@article{Giovannoni2005GenomeSI,
  title={Genome Streamlining in a Cosmopolitan Oceanic Bacterium},
  author={Stephen J. Giovannoni and H. James Tripp and Scott A. Givan and Mircea Podar and Kevin L. Vergin and Damon Baptista and Lisa Bibbs and Jonathan R Eads and Toby H. Richardson and Michiel O. Noordewier and Michael S. Rapp{\'e} and Jay M. Short and James C. Carrington and Eric J. Mathur},
  journal={Science},
  year={2005},
  volume={309},
  pages={1242 - 1245}
}
The SAR11 clade consists of very small, heterotrophic marine α-proteobacteria that are found throughout the oceans, where they account for about 25% of all microbial cells. Pelagibacter ubique, the first cultured member of this clade, has the smallest genome and encodes the smallest number of predicted open reading frames known for a free-living microorganism. In contrast to parasitic bacteria and archaea with small genomes, P. ubique has complete biosynthetic pathways for all 20 amino acids… 
Microbial mariners
This month, we have a maritime theme, highlighting three very different strategies for adaptation and specialization in diverse oceanic niches: Pelagibacter ubique is omnipresent but docile, Vibrio
New light on an important microbe in the ocean
  • D. Kirchman
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2008
TLDR
The genome sequence of a marine bacterium is discussed in this issue of PNAS with a prominent example being Pelagibacter, the cultured representative of the SAR11 clade.
The α-proteobacteria: the Darwin finches of the bacterial world
TLDR
By physically separating genes for information processing from genes involved in interactions with the surrounding environment, the rate of evolutionary change can be substantially enhanced for genes underlying adaptation to new growth habitats, possibly explaining the ecological success of the α-proteo-bacterial subdivision.
The reduced genomes of Parcubacteria (OD1) contain signatures of a symbiotic lifestyle
TLDR
Pan-genome analysis indicates a broad genotypic diversity and perhaps a highly fluid gene complement, indicating historical adaptation to a wide range of growth environments and a high degree of specialization.
Whole genome analysis of the marine Bacteroidetes'Gramella forsetii' reveals adaptations to degradation of polymeric organic matter.
TLDR
Functional analysis of the predicted proteome disclosed several traits which in joint consideration suggest a clear adaptation of this marine Bacteroidetes representative to the degradation of high molecular weight organic matter, such as a substantial suite of genes encoding hydrolytic enzymes, a predicted preference for polymeric carbon sources and a distinct capability for surface adhesion.
The unique metabolism of SAR11 aquatic bacteria
TLDR
The metabolism of the SAR11 type strain Candidatus “Pelagibacter ubique” str.
Genome organisation of the marine Roseobacter clade member Marinovum algicola
TLDR
The genome structure and extrachromosomal DNA content of four strains of the roseobacter species Marinovumalgicola are analysed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, indicating that recombination and conjugative gene transfer are dominant mechanisms for microevolution within the Roseobacter clade.
Genomic and functional adaptation in surface ocean planktonic prokaryotes
TLDR
The sequencing of 137 diverse marine isolates collected from around the world is analysed to gain insights into the ecology of the surface ocean prokaryotic picoplankton and suggests that one method used to avoid predation by viruses and/or bacterivores is by means of slow growth and the maintenance of low biomass.
Ecological Genomics of Marine Roseobacters
TLDR
Comparative genome sequence analysis of three cultured Roseobacter representatives suggests that cellular requirements for nitrogen are largely provided by regenerated ammonium and organic compounds, while typical sources of carbon include amino acids, glyoxylate, and aromatic metabolites.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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