Genitals and ethnicity: the politics of genital modifications

@article{Johnsdotter2010GenitalsAE,
  title={Genitals and ethnicity: the politics of genital modifications},
  author={Sara Johnsdotter and Birgitta Ess{\'e}n},
  journal={Reproductive Health Matters},
  year={2010},
  volume={18},
  pages={29 - 37}
}
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Meaning well while doing harm: compulsory genital examinations in Swedish African girls
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An empirical example of how politics in western multicultural societies may negatively influence the sexual health and rights of a target group is offered, in this case, girls and young women whose families originate from countries where circumcision of girls is practiced.
The Problem of Female Genital Cutting: Bridging Secular and Islamic Bioethical Perspectives
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It is argued that alignment between secular and Islamic views can be found in a harm-reduction strategy by demonstrating that the impetus to reduce harms is found within Prophetic statements on FGC.
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TLDR
This discussion reveals how various cultures and people–including women themselves–use FGC to influence and enforce Western medically constructed female embodiment(s) of heteronormative femininity and sexuality.
Female genital mutilation in the West: traditional circumcision versus genital cosmetic surgery
TLDR
The Scandinavian legislation on female genital mutilation is presented and the implications of the laws are explored, contrasting trends of plastic genital surgery in the West with claims that female circumcision may be a practice generally abandoned in Scandinavia.
Transcultural Bodies: Female Genital Cutting in Global Context
TLDR
"Transcultural Bodies" provides an ethnographically rich exploration of FGC among African diasporas in the United Kingdom, Europe, and Australia and analyzes changes in ideologies of gender and sexuality in immigrant communities.
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The present study reports that FGM/C women with sexual dysfunctions can and must be cured; they have the right to have an appropriate sexual therapy.
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TLDR
It is suggested that circumcision has a negative impact on a woman's psychosexual life and causes loss of interest in foreplay and dyspareunia.
Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery: Freakish or Inevitable? Analysis from Medical Marketing, Bioethics, and Feminist Theory
Female genital cosmetic surgery (FGCS) refers to new treatment/enhancement technologies that have engendered much controversy. Examining FGCS through the lenses of bioethics, feminist theory and
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This "Innocenti Digest" examines the social dynamics of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). In communities where it is practiced, FGM/C is an important part of girls' and women's cultural
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TLDR
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