Genital lichen sclerosus/balanitis xerotica obliterans in men with penile carcinoma: a critical analysis.

@article{Philippou2013GenitalLS,
  title={Genital lichen sclerosus/balanitis xerotica obliterans in men with penile carcinoma: a critical analysis.},
  author={Prodromos Philippou and Majid Shabbir and David John Ralph and Peter R. Malone and Raj Nigam and Alex Freeman and Asif Muneer and Suks S Minhas},
  journal={BJU international},
  year={2013},
  volume={111 6},
  pages={970-6}
}
UNLABELLED WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The European Association of Urology guidelines identify lichen sclerosus (LS) as a strong risk factor for penile squamous cell carcinoma (pSCC). However, this statement is based on the findings of case-control studies (Level of Evidence 2a) and a direct causal relationship between LS/balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) and pSCC remains to be established. Firm guidelines with respect to the appropriate follow-up policy for LS… CONTINUE READING
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