Genetics and molecular biology of carotenoid pigment biosynthesis

@article{Armstrong1996GeneticsAM,
  title={Genetics and molecular biology of carotenoid pigment biosynthesis},
  author={Gregory A. Armstrong and J. E. Hearst},
  journal={The FASEB Journal},
  year={1996},
  volume={10},
  pages={228 - 237}
}
The crucial roles of carotenoids and their metabolites in photooxidative protection and photosynthesis, not to mention nutrition, vision, and cellular differentiation, make them an important and complex class of biological pigments. Significant advances within the last few years have enhanced our understanding of the genetics and molecular biology of carotenoid biosynthesis in bacteria, fungi, algae, and plants. All of the genes involved in carotenoid biosynthesis from Rhodobacter capsulatus… Expand
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TLDR
The nucleotide sequence of three genes from the carotenoid biosynthesis gene cluster of Erwinia herbicola are reported, which encode homologs of the CrtB, CrtE, and CrtI proteins of Rhodobacter capsulatus, a purple nonsulfur photosynthetic bacterium, suggesting the evolutionary conservation of early enzymes from this pathway. Expand
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The functional compatibility of enzymes from different organisms will form a central theme in the genetic engineering of carotenoid pigment biosynthetic pathways and create exciting possibilities for the directed manipulation of carOTenoid levels and content. Expand
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[18] Functions of carotenoids in photosynthesis
Publisher Summary Carotenoids are essential for the survival of photosynthetic organisms. Carotenoids have been shown to have two major functions in photosynthesis. They act as photoprotectiveExpand
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