Genetics, History, and Identity: The Case of the Bene Israel and the Lemba

@article{Parfitt2005GeneticsHA,
  title={Genetics, History, and Identity: The Case of the Bene Israel and the Lemba},
  author={Tudor Parfitt and Yulia Egorova},
  journal={Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry},
  year={2005},
  volume={29},
  pages={193-224}
}
The paper examines the impact of genetic research on the religious identity of the Bene Israel Indian Jewish community and the Lemba Judaising group of southern Africa. It demonstrates how DNA tests which happened to support the possibility of the communities' legends of origin affected their self-perception, the way they are viewed by their neighbors, and their image in the West. It is argued that in both cases what accounted most for the Bene Israel and Lemba responses to the tests was the… 

Global Affinities: Portuguese Marranos (Anusim), Traveling Jews, and Cultural Logics of Kinship

This dissertation explores issues of identification, relatedness, and belonging on a global scale, through an ethnographic study of Portugal's urban Marranos (descendants of fifteenth-century forced

Genomics, divination, “racecraft”

The new genomics has begun to play an increasing role in the arbitration of social identities. By facilitating the transcription of older notions that heritable substances determine identity and

Tastes and Tunes of Black Israeli(te)s

This special issue of African and Black Diaspora derives from an intense, on-going conversation among an international cadre of interdisciplinary scholars whose combined theoretical interests and

The Ethiopian Orthodox Church in the Holy Land

ABSTRACT The Ethiopian Orthodox Tawahedo Church community has had a presence in the Holy Land for at least several hundred years. Throughout most of this period it was composed of a small

DNA and cultures of remembrance: Anthropological genetics, biohistories and biosocialities

The article engages current human population genetic research or anthropological genetics with an emphasis on its popular forms. A general discussion of the production of biohistories on the basis of

The importance of being Uros: Indigenous identity politics in the genomic age

The objective of this article is to explore the interrelations between human population genomic research, the political strategies of indigenous movements and processes of identity formation. It will

Sumptuary Kinship

Treating the wedding and the funeral industries, the controversies surrounding same-sex marriage and the kinning of DNA, this essay reveals an ethics of kinship that, if permitting the intrumentalization of the inconsumable, often does so for distinctly anti-aquisitive and anti-sumptuary ends.

The Indigeneity question: State Violence, Forced Displacement and Women's Narratives in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh

The Indigeneity question: State Violence, Forced Displacement and Women's Narratives in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh Zobaida Nasreen Abstract This research aims to examine the

The Nature/Culture of Genetic Facts*

It is argued that a principal contribution of anthropology to the study of human heredity lies in the ontology of genetic facts, which have cultural information integrated into them, not layered on them.

History in the Gene? How Biohistories are Implicated in Biopolitics and Biosocialities

The genetic anthropology or genetic history studies the relationship between population history and genetic variation in humans and investigates the human ‘family tree’ and tries to ‘map’ it onto the globe.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 41 REFERENCES

Chinese Perceptions of the Jews' and Judaism: A History of the Youtai

While prejudice against Jews is a real and ongoing category in Western culture, little attention has been paid to the myths of the Jews' and their impact in countries outside the West. This work

Judaising movements : studies in the margins of Judaism

The history of Judaising movements has been largely ignored by historians of religion. This volume analyses the interplay between colonialism, a Judaism not traditionally viewed as 'proselytising'

The Lost Tribes of Israel: The History of a Myth

Tudor Parfitt examines a myth which is based on one of the world's oldest mysteries - what happened to the lost tribes of Israel? Christians and Jews alike have attached great importance to the

The origins of the Lemba "Black Jews" of southern Africa: evidence from p12F2 and other Y-chromosome markers.

The results suggest that > or = 50% of the Lemba Y chromosomes are Semitic in origin, approximately 40% are Negroid, and the ancestry of the remainder cannot be resolved.

The Thirteenth Tribe: The Khazar Empire and its Heritage

This book traces the history of the ancient Khazar Empire, a major but almost forgotten power in Eastern Europe, which in the Dark Ages became converted to Judaism. Khazaria was finally wiped out by

Aryans and British India

'Aryan,' a word that today evokes images of racial hatred and atrocity, was first used by Europeans to suggest bonds of kinship, as Thomas Trautmann shows in his far-reaching history of British

The Evolution of the Ethiopian Jews: A History of the Beta Israel (Falasha) to 1920

This website becomes a very available place to look for countless the evolution of the ethiopian jews a history of the beta israel falasha to i920 sources.

Hebrewisms of West Africa : from Nile to Niger with the Jews

writing of luxurious scenery. He describes the kraaling of elephants and revels in the past history of Kings and Princesses with exceedingly long names. He gives qs some real information about the

The Beta Israel (Falasha) Encounter with Protestant Missionaries : 1860-1905

L'arrivee en Ethiopie, en 1860, de missionnaires de la " London Society for Promoting Christianity amongst the Jews ", fut la premiere confrontation des Falashas (ou " Beta Israel ") avec la

Y chromosomes traveling south: the cohen modal haplotype and the origins of the Lemba--the "Black Jews of Southern Africa".

The high resolution afforded by the markers shows that Lemba Y chromosomes are clearly divided into Semitic and Bantu clades, and one of the Lemba clans carries a particular Y-chromosome type termed the "Cohen modal haplotype," which is thought to be a potential signature haplotype of Judaic origin.