Genetically integrated traits and rugged adaptive landscapes in digital organisms

Abstract

When overlapping sets of genes encode multiple traits, those traits may not be able to evolve independently, resulting in constraints on adaptation. We examined the evolution of genetically integrated traits in digital organisms—self-replicating computer programs that mutate, compete, adapt, and evolve in a virtual world. We assessed whether overlap in the… (More)
DOI: 10.1186/s12862-015-0361-x

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Ostrowski2015GeneticallyIT, title={Genetically integrated traits and rugged adaptive landscapes in digital organisms}, author={E A Ostrowski and Charles Ofria and Richard E. Lenski}, booktitle={BMC Evolutionary Biology}, year={2015} }