Genetic transformation of intact cells of Bacillus subtilis by electroporation.


Plasmid DNAs were introduced by electroporation into Bacillus subtilis PB1424 as an alternative to competent-cell or protoplast transformation. The maximum electroporation efficiency was 10(4) transformants/microgram DNA. Parameters including growth phase of cells, ionic strength of the suspending medium, concentration and size of plasmid DNAs, amplitude… (More)