Genetic studies on the Cayo Santiago rhesus macaques: A review of 40 years of research

@article{Widdig2016GeneticSO,
  title={Genetic studies on the Cayo Santiago rhesus macaques: A review of 40 years of research},
  author={Anja Widdig and Matthew J Kessler and Fred B. Bercovitch and John D. Berard and Christine R. Duggleby and Peter J. N{\"u}rnberg and Richard G. Rawlins and Ulrike Sauermann and Qian Wang and Michael Krawczak and J{\"o}rg Schmidtke},
  journal={American Journal of Primatology},
  year={2016},
  volume={78}
}
Genetic studies not only contribute substantially to our current understanding of the natural variation in behavior and health in many species, they also provide the basis of numerous in vivo models of human traits. Despite the many challenges posed by the high level of biological and social complexity, a long lifespan and difficult access in the field, genetic studies of primates are particularly rewarding because of the close evolutionary relatedness of these species to humans. The free… Expand
Population Genetic Structure of the Cayo Santiago Colony of Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta).
TLDR
Estimates show that a high effective number of founders has affected the colony's current genetic structure in a positive manner, and show that the social groups have not differentiated genetically from each other due to male-mediated gene flow and exhibit sufficient genetic variation. Expand
Recent insights into the evolution of quantitative traits in non-human primates.
  • L. Hlusko
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Current opinion in genetics & development
  • 2018
TLDR
These studies demonstrate the importance of captive pedigreed breeding colonies, populations that can be matched to their wild counterparts to enable comparison of genetic architectures, and non-human primate genotype:phenotype maps. Expand
Low incidence of inbreeding in a long-lived primate population isolated for 75 years
TLDR
It is shown that incidences of inbreeding in a long-lived primate population are rare, even after genetic isolation for 75 years, and simulations suggest that kin in this population generally avoid breeding with each other. Expand
Genetic correlations in the rhesus macaque dentition.
TLDR
The genetic correlation matrix of the Cayo Santiago rhesus macaques mirrors patterns of phenotypic correlations observed for cercopithecoid primates broadly and demonstrates that genetic contributions to these patterns may be fairly stable over the course of cercoperativecoid evolution. Expand
Free‐ranging Cayo Santiago rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta): III. Dental eruption patterns and dental pathology
TLDR
Overall, CS rhesus had good oral health and dental condition although tooth wear, loss, and breakage were common in aged animals, especially in males. Expand
Growing into the self: the development of personality in rhesus macaques
Although personality has been widely studied among animal species, only a few studies have investigated the long-term development of personality during early ontogeny. In fact, no study of nonhumanExpand
Age and sex-associated variation in the multi-site microbiome of an entire social group of free-ranging rhesus macaques
TLDR
Across all three body regions, with notable exceptions in the penile microbiome, while infants were distinctly different from other age groups, microbiomes of adults were relatively invariant, even in advanced age, suggesting that age-related microbiome variation seen in humans may be related to changes in diet and lifestyle. Expand
Individual dispersal decisions affect fitness via maternal rank effects in male rhesus macaques
TLDR
The timing of natal dispersal was affected by maternal rank and influenced male reproduction, which, in turn affected which group males dispersed to, and confirmed earlier findings that sons of high-ranking mothers dispersed later than sons of low-ranking ones. Expand
Sex Differences in the Development of Aggressive Behavior in Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta)
TLDR
This work analyzed aggressive interactions in rhesus macaques from birth to sexual maturation (before male dispersal), including male and female focal subjects, and used powerful multivariate statistical analysis. Expand
Endocranial volume is variable and heritable, but not related to fitness, in a free-ranging primate
TLDR
This study uses a quantitative genetic approach to investigate the production and maintenance of variation in endocranial volume in a population of free-ranging rhesus macaques, and finds no evidence of selection on absolute or relative endocrAnial volume. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 241 REFERENCES
The genetics of a wild population of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). I. Genetic variability within and between social groups
TLDR
It is suggested that the social structure of such primates will not itself produce the high levels of homozygosity necessary for rapid speciation, but it will make such levels more likely in the event of geographical or ecological isolation. Expand
Genetic influence on reproductive behavior in female rhesus macaques.
TLDR
Although the study of Cherkas et al. (2004) was the first to demonstrate a genetic basis for infidelity and sexual partner number in humans, substantial evidence for the heritability of these traits in animals, particularly birds and rodents, has already been reported. Expand
Genetics of a wild population of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta): II. The Dunga Gali population in species-wide perspective.
TLDR
Only 3-9% of the total gene diversity of Macaca mulatta can be attributed to differences among major regions, and selection and drift/migration models explain this general genetic homogeneity. Expand
Genetic determination of paternity and variation in male reproductive success in two populations of rhesus macaques
TLDR
Comparison of two populations of rhesus macaques indicated that demographic, social, ecological, and morphological factors interact to regulate variation in reproductive success among male nonhuman primates. Expand
Molecular genetic approaches to the study of primate behavior, social organization, and reproduction.
  • A. Di Fiore
  • Medicine
  • American journal of physical anthropology
  • 2003
TLDR
This review describes the theoretical connections between individual behavior and primate social systems on the one hand and population genetic structure on the other, discusses the kinds of molecular markers typically employed in genetic studies of primates, and summarizes what primatologists have learned from molecular studies over the past few decades. Expand
Female Age of First Reproduction at Cayo Santiago: Heritability and Shared Environments
TLDR
Age of first reproduction (AFR) in female primates is widely documented to vary among population members and to correlate with population density and social dominance, which points to common environmental effects, rather than inter-matriline genetic differences, as the primary causes of rank-related variation in AFR. Expand
Male migration and inbreeding avoidance in wild rhesus monkeys
TLDR
Genetic, demographic, and behavioral evidence from a population of wild rhesus monkeys were analyzed and groups were not found to be inbred, indicating high gene flow between groups and avoidance of consanguineous matings throughout the population. Expand
The genetic consequences of primate social organization: a review of macaques, baboons and vervet monkeys
TLDR
Electrophoretic analyses of blood proteins from individually recognized and/or marked wild Himalayan rhesus monkeys have begun to reveal the genetic consequences of such phenomena as social group fission, malelimited dispersion, non-consanguineous mating patterns, and agonistically defined male dominance. Expand
Paternity assessment in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta): Multilocus DNA fingerprinting and PCR marker typing
TLDR
A dual approach to DNA typing has been adopted, using STR markers to reduce the number of potential sires to a level where all remaining candidates can be tested by multilocus DNA fingerprinting on a single gel, preferably in lanes adjacent to the mother/infant pair. Expand
A FIELD STUDY OF THE SOCIOBIOLOGY OF RHESUS MONKEYS, MACACA MULATTA *
  • S. Altmann
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1962
TLDR
This first report covers aspects of methods of research, group composition and its stability, repertoire of social behavior, sexual behavior, and agonistic behavior of rhesus monkeys on Cay0 Santiago, Puerto Rico, a small island in the West Indies. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...