Genetic structure of the early Hungarian conquerors inferred from mtDNA haplotypes and Y-chromosome haplogroups in a small cemetery

  title={Genetic structure of the early Hungarian conquerors inferred from mtDNA haplotypes and Y-chromosome haplogroups in a small cemetery},
  author={Endre Nepar{\'a}czki and Zolt{\'a}n Juh{\'a}sz and Horolma Pamjav and Tibor Feh{\'e}r and Bernadett Cs{\'a}nyi and Albert R. Zink and Frank Maixner and Gy{\"o}rgy P{\'a}lfi and Erika Moln{\'a}r and Ildik{\'o} Pap and {\'A}gnes Kust{\'a}r and Laszlo Dr. R{\'e}v{\'e}sz and I. Rasko and Tibor T{\"o}r{\"o}k},
  journal={Molecular Genetics and Genomics},
We applied ancient DNA methods to shed light on the origin of ancient Hungarians and their relation to modern populations. Hungarians moved into the Carpathian Basin from the Eurasian Pontic steppes in the year 895 AD as a confederation of seven tribes, but their further origin remains obscure. Here, we present 17 mtDNA haplotypes and four Y-chromosome haplogroups, which portray the genetic composition of an entire small cemetery of the first generation Hungarians. Using novel algorithms to… 

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