Genetic relatedness and space use in a behaviorally flexible species of marmot, the woodchuck (Marmota monax)

@article{Maher2009GeneticRA,
  title={Genetic relatedness and space use in a behaviorally flexible species of marmot, the woodchuck (Marmota monax)},
  author={C. Maher},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={2009},
  volume={63},
  pages={857-868}
}
  • C. Maher
  • Published 2009
  • Biology
  • Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Solitary species show several patterns of space use and relatedness. Individuals may associate randomly or may live near female or male kin, often as a result of natal philopatry or dispersal patterns. Although usually described as solitary or asocial, woodchucks (Marmota monax) are behaviorally flexible marmots that exhibit greater sociality in some populations than others. I examined relationships between kinship, geographic distance, and home range overlap, as well as dispersal and… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Genetic relatedness and spatial associations of dusky-footed woodrats (Neotoma fuscipes)
TLDR
The kin structuring of the dusky-footed woodrat likely resulted from a pattern of female philopatry and male dispersal, but also may have resulted from kin-directed behaviors by females. Expand
Mating system and paternity in woodchucks (Marmota monax)
TLDR
The mating system of woodchucks (M. monax), whose social organization lies at the opposite end of the continuum from alpine marmots, is described, which could be classified as genetically promiscuous. Expand
Fine-Scale Spatial Patterns of Genetic Relatedness among Resident Adult Prairie Voles
TLDR
The spatial clustering of kin indicates that opportunities for kin-selected behaviors exist in both populations, especially among females, which may be due to population differences in factors such as demography and mating system, as well as in the extent of natal philopatry. Expand
Genetic relatedness affects socio-spatial organization in a solitary carnivore, the European pine marten
TLDR
Results seem to indicate that positive association between home range overlap and relatedness was mainly a consequence of common female philopatry rather than kin-biased tolerance, suggesting that spatial segregation is unlikely to play a role in preventing encounters between kin. Expand
Kinship associations of a solitary rodent, Dipodomys ingens, at fluctuating population densities
TLDR
The significant decrease in distance between female neighbours and the formation of female kin groups at high population density represents a potential increase in social interactions among these solitary rodents. Expand
Genetic relatedness cannot explain social preferences in black-and-white ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata)
TLDR
It is found that dyadic ruffed lemur social associations were generally sparse and weak; that home range overlap was minimal; and that average relatedness within the community was low, suggesting that other social, ecological, and biological factors such as shared resource defense or communal breeding might also play a role in social attraction. Expand
Home range overlap, matrilineal and biparental kinship drive female associations in bottlenose dolphins
TLDR
Investigation of the association patterns of female bottlenose dolphins in the eastern gulf of Shark Bay, Western Australia found that they depended upon the complex interplay of at least three factors: home range overlap, matrilineal kinships and biparental kinship. Expand
Home range overlap , matrilineal and biparental kinship drive female associations in bottlenose dolphins
Few studies of kinship in mammalian societies have been able to consider the complex interactions between home range overlap, association patterns and kinship, which have created a critical gap inExpand
Associations are more strongly correlated with space use than kinship in female eastern grey kangaroos
TLDR
Female associations in a wild population of eastern grey kangaroos are investigated and it is found that space use had a much stronger correlation with association strengths than both pairwise relatedness and maternal lineage, suggesting that familiarity may play a key role in driving association patterns in female kangarooos. Expand
Does kinship affect spatial organization in a small and isolated population of a solitary felid: The Eurasian lynx?
TLDR
The results suggest that the dynamics of kinship in this solitary felid may not differ from the random mating processes described in social carnivores, and the presence of unrelated floaters may provide a "breeding buffer" that may prevent an increase of relatedness and likely inbreeding in the population. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 102 REFERENCES
Kin-related spatial structure in brown bears Ursus arctos
TLDR
Plotting of multiannual home-range centers of adult females revealed formation of two types of matrilines, matrilinear assemblages exclusively using an area and dispersed matriline spread over larger geographic areas. Expand
INTRASEXUAL TERRITORIALITY IN WOODCHUCKS (MARMOTA MONAX)
TLDR
The spacing system of a high-density population of Marmota monax in southern Maine exhibited intrasexual territoriality, and Philopatry and timing of dispersal also vary in this species and have implications for the evolution of sociality. Expand
Genetic relatedness and female spatial organization in a solitary carnivore, the raccoon, Procyon lotor
TLDR
Female philopatry was the most probable explanation for the nonrandom spatial and genetic association of raccoons in east Tennessee and high home‐range overlap among some females with low or moderate levels of band sharing indicated that maternal inheritance of space was not a prerequisite for establishing or sharing home ranges. Expand
Local genetic structure and relatedness in a solitary mammal, Neotoma fuscipes
TLDR
A matrilineal genetic structure was apparent even at low woodrat densities based on estimates of θST among neighborhoods of resident females that were significantly greater than zero and consistently greater than estimates including all individuals. Expand
Genetic structure in a solitary rodent (Ctenomys talarum): implications for kinship and dispersal
TLDR
Comparisons of genetic variation in two demographically distinct populations of the talar tuco‐tuco (Ctenomys talarum), a solitary species of subterranean rodent from Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, indicate that populations of this solitary species are characterized by significant kin structure, suggesting that, even in the absence of sociality and kin selection, the spatial distributions and movements of individuals may significantly impact patterns of genetic diversity among conspecifics. Expand
Kinship and sociality in coastal river otters: are they related?
TLDR
Among coastal river otters in this region, sociality could be explained by the benefits obtained from cooperative foraging on high-quality schooling pelagic fishes, which did not require association with kin, resulting in no selection pressure for kin-based groups. Expand
Home-Range Attributes and Spatial Structure of Woodchuck Populations
Movements and patterns of burrow use by woodchucks ( Marmota monax ) in two Connecticut orchards were determined from 734 captures of 273 individuals and 1,213 radio locations of 46 individuals. AllExpand
Relatedness of matrilines, dispersing males and social groups in long–tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis)
  • J. Ruiter, E. Geffen
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 1998
TLDR
It is found that the pattern of distribution of relatedness was associated with gene flow and differential reproduction in males, rather than with group fission and the presence of geographical barriers. Expand
DOES GENETIC RELATEDNESS INFLUENCE SPACE USE PATTERN? A TEST ON FLORIDA BLACK BEARS
TLDR
Genetic relatedness was negatively correlated with geographic distance between home ranges for each year and season (except autumn 2000), suggesting that genetically related individuals established home ranges closer to each other, whereas home ranges of unrelated females were geographically separated. Expand
Female-Biased Dispersal and Gene Flow in a Behaviorally Monogamous Mammal, the Large Treeshrew (Tupaia tana)
TLDR
These results provide the first evidence of FBD in a behaviorally monogamous species without mating fidelity and argue that competition among females for feeding territories creates a sexual asymmetry in the costs and benefits of dispersal in treeshrews. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...