Genetic distances between Chinese populations calculated on gene frequencies of 38 loci

  title={Genetic distances between Chinese populations calculated on gene frequencies of 38 loci},
  author={Ruofu Du and Chun-jie Xiao and Luca L. Cavalli-Sforza},
  journal={Science in China Series C: Life Sciences},
Genetic distances were calculated for Han subpopulations in different provinces, cities and autonomous regions and ethnic minorities in China by using gene frequency data of 38 loci, and genetic trees were constructed. The results showed that, among both Han and ethnic minorities, there were two types, i.e. southern and northern Mongoloids, with Yangtze River as boundary. Therefore, both African origin theory and local origin theory about the modem marl should answer the question: when did… 

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

STR Polymorphisms of the Henan Population and Investigation of the Central Plains Han Origin of Chaoshanese
A phylogenetic tree based on CODIS STR allele frequencies of 25 Han populations revealed noticeable but far less clear distinctions between southern and northern Chinese populations; the Henan Han population was located at an intermediate position between south and north Chinese Han populations, relatively closer to Chaoshan and Minnan Han.
A spatial analysis of genetic structure of human populations in China reveals distinct difference between maternal and paternal lineages
The spatial genetic structure and the boundary of north–south division of human populations using mtDNA data in 91 populations and Y-chromosome data in 143 populations highlights a distinct difference between spatial genetic structures of maternal and paternal lineages.
HLA variation reveals genetic continuity rather than population group structure in East Asia
This study strongly suggests that intensive gene flow between NEA and SEA populations occurred and shaped the latitude-related continuous pattern of genetic variation and the peculiar HLA lineage and allele distributions observed in this continent.
Mitochondrial DNA variation, genetic structure and demographic history of Iranian populations
Slight and non-significant FST distances among the Central-western Persian speaking populations of Iran testify to the common origin of these populations from one proto-population, and mismatch distribution suggests that this proto-Iranian population started to colonize Iran about 30000 years ago.
The origin of Mosuo people as revealed by mtDNA and Y chromosome variation
It is shown that the maternal lineages of the Mosuo bear the strongest resemblance with those found in Naxi while its paternal lineages are more similar to those that are prevalent in Yunnan Tibetan.
Challenging views on the peopling history of East Asia: the story according to HLA markers.
A new overlapping model where northward and southward opposite migrations occurring at different periods overlapped is suggested, as genetic contribution of ancient human migrations through a northern route has probably been quite substantial.
Genetic studies of human diversity in East Asia
With the confirmation of an African origin for East Asian populations and the observation of a dominating impact of the gene flow entering East Asia from the south in early human settlement, interpretation of the north–south division poses the challenge to the field.
mtDNA evidence: genetic background associated with related populations at high risk for esophageal cancer between Chaoshan and Taihang Mountain areas in China.
This report is the first report to show the association between mtDNA haplogroups (D4a and D5a) and esophageal cancer and it is shown that EC high-risk populations in these three areas share a similar matrilineal genetic background and might be candidate genetic markers for screening populations susceptible to EC in the Chaoshan area.
Y chromosome haplotypes reveal prehistorical migrations to the Himalayas
It is postulate that the ancient people, who lived in the upper-middle Yellow River basin about 10,000 years ago and developed one of the earliest Neolithic cultures in East Asia, were the ancestors of modern Sino-Tibetan populations.
Haplogroup Structure and Genetic Variation Analyses of 60 Mitochondrial DNA Markers in Southern Shaanxi Han Population
Results show that Southern Shaanxi Han population has relatively close genetic relationships with other Han populations in different regions and matching probability for these 60 mtDNA markers indicates that the panel could be used as a valuable tool in forensic caseworks.


[Study on immunoglobulin allotypes in the Chinese: a hypothesis of the origin of the Chinese nation].
The results suggest that during human evolution, the Negroid group and Caucasoid-Mongoloid group diverged first, followed by a divergence between the Caucasoid and Mongoloid group, which is high in comparison with interrace divergences.
Analysis of origin ethnic groups in China by using the human population genetics data, Genetics Research in China (1987-1991) (in Chinese), Beijing
  • Science and Technology Press of China,
  • 1992
et a 1 . , Chinese surnames and the genetic differences between north and south China
  • Journal of Chinese Linguistics
  • 1992
The distribution of dermatoglyphics parameters in 52 Chinese populations
  • Acta Anthropologica Sinica ( in Chinese),
  • 1988
The distribution of immunoglobulin Gm allotypes in 40 Chinese populations
  • Acta Anthropologica Sinica (in Chinese),
  • 1987
An analysis of the physical characteristics of modern Chinese
  • Acta Anthropologica Sinica ( in Chinese )
  • 1984
Preliminary analysis of genetic distance between 17 nationalities in China , Acta Genetica Sinica ( in Chinese )
  • Genetic distances estimated on the basis of HLA , Acta Anthropologica Sinica ( in Chinese )
  • 1983