Genetic determinants of 21-hydroxylase autoantibodies amongst patients of the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium.

BACKGROUND Autoantibodies to 21-hydroxylase (21OH-AA) precede the onset of autoimmune Addison's disease (AD) and are found in 1.5% of individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The greatest genetic risk for both disorders is found in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), suggesting a common pathophysiology between AD and T1DM. Screening for… CONTINUE READING