The primary antibody response to aqueous immunization with a low molecular-weight lot of (T,G)-A — L (#420) was studied in congenic pairs of inbred mouse strains. Two new genetic controls were identified, both of which quantitatively regulate the production of IgM anti-(T,G)-A — L antibody. Testing of F1 and F2 progeny demonstrated that one of these genes is linked to the major histocompatibility (H-2) complex, and that high response is dominant over low response. Whether this gene is identical toIr-1A is not yet known. The other gene, designatedIg-TGAL M , is linked to the immunoglobulin heavy-chain allotype locus (Ig-1) and is expressed in a genedose dependent manner. Following secondary challenge with (T,G)-A — L 420, quantitative differences in IgG antibody response were observed inIr-1A high-responder congenics differing only at theIg-1 locus. Breeding studies, however, failed to demonstrate any linkage between this locus and the quantitative control of IgG anti-(T,G)-A — L antibody. These data demonstrate thatH-2-linked immune response genes can regulate IgM as well as IgG antibody responses, that genetic control of the IgM response to (T,G)-A — L is linked toIg-1, and that bothH-2-linked andIg-1-linked genes may simultaneously affect an IgM antibody response to the same antigen.