This study reports on genomic characterization of six measles virus (MV) isolates obtained from a measles epidemic in Argentina in 1998. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and nucleotide sequence analysis of the carboxyl-terminal region of the nucleoprotein (N) gene of these isolates classified all of them as wild type MV of D6 genotype. MVs of D6 genotype with identical nucleotide sequences in the region analyzed were also identified during the 1997 measles epidemic in Brazil and the 1999 measles outbreak in Uruguai. These results suggest that the MVs associated with the 1998 measles epidemic in Argentina might have originated from Brazil. As the D6 genotype is also widely distributed in Europe, it is possible that this genotype was brought to South America from Europe.