Genetic and environmental influences on the co-morbidity between depression, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and social phobia: a twin study.

@article{Mosing2009GeneticAE,
  title={Genetic and environmental influences on the co-morbidity between depression, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and social phobia: a twin study.},
  author={Miriam A Mosing and Scott D Gordon and Sarah E. Medland and Dixie J. Statham and Elliot C. Nelson and Andrew C. Heath and Nicholas G. Martin and Naomi R Wray},
  journal={Depression and anxiety},
  year={2009},
  volume={26 11},
  pages={1004-11}
}
BACKGROUND Major depression (MD) and anxiety disorders such as panic disorder (PD), agoraphobia (AG), and social phobia (SP) are heritable and highly co-morbid. However, the relative importance of genetic and environmental etiology of the covariation between these disorders, particularly the relationship between PD and AG, is less clear. METHODS This study measured MD, PD, and AG in a population sample of 5,440 twin pairs and 1,245 single twins, about 45% of whom were also scored for SP… CONTINUE READING