Genetic and Epigenetic Alterations of Lysophosphatidic Acid Receptor Genes in Rodent Tumors by Experimental Models

Abstract

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive mediator and induces several biological effects, including cell proliferation, migration, morphogenesis and differentiation. LPA interacts with at least six G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), including LPA receptor-1 (LPA(1)), LPA(2), LPA(3), LPA(4), LPA(5) and LPA(6). These receptors show different biological functions through the binding of LPA, depending on the type of cells. In human malignancies, a high level of LPA production was found in plasma and ascites in ovarian cancer cases. Moreover, aberrant expression levels of LPA receptor genes were detected in some cancer cells. Therefore, it is suggested that LPA receptors may be involved in the pathogenesis of tumor cells as well as LPA per se. Recently, we have reported that alterations of LPA receptor genes also occur in rodent tumors. In this review, we summarize the recent evidence in the investigations of LPA receptor alterations in rodent tumors by experimental models.

DOI: 10.1293/tox.24.143

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@inproceedings{Tsujiuchi2011GeneticAE, title={Genetic and Epigenetic Alterations of Lysophosphatidic Acid Receptor Genes in Rodent Tumors by Experimental Models}, author={Toshifumi Tsujiuchi and Kyoko Okabe and Nobuyuki Fukushima}, booktitle={Journal of toxicologic pathology}, year={2011} }