Genetic and Environmental Influences on the Development of Alcoholism

  title={Genetic and Environmental Influences on the Development of Alcoholism},
  author={M. Enoch},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  • M. Enoch
  • Published 2006
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • Abstract:  The physiological changes of adolescence may promote risk‐taking behaviors, including binge drinking. Approximately 40% of alcoholics were already drinking heavily in late adolescence. Most cases of alcoholism are established by the age of 30 years with the peak prevalence at 18–23 years of age. Therefore the key time frame for the development, and prevention, of alcoholism lies in adolescence and young adulthood. Severe childhood stressors have been associated with increased… CONTINUE READING
    189 Citations
    Contribution of early environmental stress to alcoholism vulnerability.
    • 47
    Development and vulnerability factors in adolescent alcohol use.
    • 72
    Genetics of Alcoholism
    • 9
    • PDF
    Adolescent Alcohol Consumption: Brain Health Outcomes
    • 4
    The genetics of alcohol dependence: advancing towards systems-based approaches.
    • 29
    Catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158 Met genotype, parenting practices and adolescent alcohol use: testing the differential susceptibility hypothesis.
    • 45


    Pharmacogenomics of Alcohol Response and Addiction
    • M. Enoch
    • Medicine
    • American journal of pharmacogenomics : genomics-related research in drug development and clinical practice
    • 2003
    • 80
    Childhood adversity, monoamine oxidase a genotype, and risk for conduct disorder.
    • 519
    • PDF
    Genetics, Stress, and the Risk for Addiction
    • 3
    Role of Genotype in the Cycle of Violence in Maltreated Children
    • 3,977
    • PDF
    Adverse childhood exposures and alcohol dependence among seven Native American tribes.
    • 127
    • PDF
    Social supports and serotonin transporter gene moderate depression in maltreated children.
    • 759
    • PDF
    Low level of response to alcohol as a predictor of future alcoholism.
    • M. Schuckit
    • Psychology, Medicine
    • The American journal of psychiatry
    • 1994
    • 728