Genetic and Environment-Induced Innovation - Complementary Pathways to Adaptive Change that are Facilitated by Degeneracy in Multi-Agent Systems

Understanding how heritable and selectively relevant phenotypes are generated is fundamental to understanding evolution in biotic and artificial systems. With few exceptions (e.g. viral evolution), the generation of phenotypic novelty is predominantly discussed from two perspectives. The first perspective is organized around the concept of fitness landscape… (More)