Genetic adaptation to captivity in species conservation programs

@article{Frankham2008GeneticAT,
  title={Genetic adaptation to captivity in species conservation programs},
  author={Richard Frankham},
  journal={Molecular Ecology},
  year={2008},
  volume={17}
}
  • R. Frankham
  • Published 1 January 2008
  • Biology
  • Molecular Ecology
As wild environments are often inhospitable, many species have to be captive‐bred to save them from extinction. In captivity, species adapt genetically to the captive environment and these genetic adaptations are overwhelmingly deleterious when populations are returned to wild environments. I review empirical evidence on (i) the genetic basis of adaptive changes in captivity, (ii) factors affecting the extent of genetic adaptation to captivity, and (iii) means for minimizing its deleterious… 

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Minimizing genetic adaptation in captive breeding programs: A review

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The phenotypic costs of captivity.

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Population correlates of rapid captive‐induced maladaptation in a wild fish

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Genetic impacts of conservation management actions in a critically endangered parrot species

The study suggests that translocation of wild individuals into captivity, from wild populations in decline, can potentially have deleterious lasting impacts on genetic diversity levels in these populations, but also confirms that in captivity, founder diversity can be successfully preserved over time, and addition of wild founders can improve captive population health.

Evolution of Peromyscus leucopus Mice in Response to a Captive Environment

It is found that adaptation to captivity can be rapid, affecting reproductive patterns and behaviors, even under breeding protocols designed to minimize the rate of genetic change due to random drift and inadvertent selection.

A Conservation Hatchery Population of Delta Smelt Shows Evidence of Genetic Adaptation to Captivity After 9 Generations

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References

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