Genetic Testing of Language Replacement Hypothesis in Southwest Asia

@article{Yepiskoposian2006GeneticTO,
  title={Genetic Testing of Language Replacement Hypothesis in Southwest Asia},
  author={Levon Yepiskoposian and A. Harutyunian and A. Khudoyan},
  journal={Iran and the Caucasus},
  year={2006},
  volume={10},
  pages={191-208}
}
The regions of the Caucasus, Anatolia, and the Near East represent an extremely important area with respect to ancient population migration and expansion, and the spread of the Caucasian, Indo-European, Afro-Asiatic, and Altaic languages. We examined genetic variation within and between 12 ethno-territorial populations belonging to four major language families by using six microsatellites, or short tandem repeats (STR) and 12 Unique Event Polymorphism (UEP) loci mapped to the non-recombining… Expand

Figures from this paper

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES
Armenian Y chromosome haplotypes reveal strong regional structure within a single ethno-national group
TLDR
The haplotype distribution and pattern of genetic distances suggest a high degree of genetic isolation in the mountainous southern and eastern regions, while in the northern, central and western regions there has been greater admixture with populations from neighbouring Middle Eastern countries. Expand
Testing hypotheses of language replacement in the Caucasus: evidence from the Y-chromosome
TLDR
Whereas the mtDNA results show that Caucasian groups are more closely related genetically to European than to Near Eastern groups, by contrast the Y-chromosome shows a closer genetic relationship with the Near East than with Europe. Expand
Y-chromosomal diversity in Europe is clinal and influenced primarily by geography, rather than by language.
TLDR
These patterns retain a strong signal of expansion from the Near East but also suggest that the demographic history of Europe has been complex and influenced by other major population movements, as well as by linguistic and geographic heterogeneities and the effects of drift. Expand
Evolutionary relationships of human populations on a global scale.
TLDR
A phylogenetic analysis of 26 representative populations from around the world by using the neighbor-joining (NJ) method has shown that the first major split of the phylogenetic tree separates Africans from non-Africans and that this split occurs with a 100% bootstrap probability. Expand
Zones of sharp genetic change in Europe are also linguistic boundaries.
  • G. Barbujani, R. Sokal
  • Biology, Geography
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1990
TLDR
Findings from "Wombling" support a model of genetic differentiation in Europe in which the genetic structure of the population is determined mainly by gene flow and admixture, rather than by adaptation to varying environmental conditions. Expand
Genetic evidence for different male and female roles during cultural transitions in the British Isles
TLDR
It is shown that patterns of Y-chromosome variation indicate that the Neolithic and Iron Age transitions in the British Isles occurred without large-scale male movements, and that one or more of these pre-Anglo-Saxon cultural revolutions had a major effect on the maternal genetic heritage of theBritish Isles. Expand
A nomenclature system for the tree of human Y-chromosomal binary haplogroups.
  • A. Redd
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Genome research
  • 2002
TLDR
A simple set of rules was developed to unambiguously label the different clades nested within a single most parsimonious phylogeny, which supersedes and unifies past nomenclatures and allows the inclusion of additional mutations and haplogroups yet to be discovered. Expand
The application of molecular genetic approaches to the study of human evolution
TLDR
Co-evolution of genes with language and some slowly evolving cultural traits, together with the genetic evolution of commensals and parasites that have accompanied modern humans in their expansion from Africa to the other continents, supports and supplements the standard model of genetic evolution. Expand
Variation in Short Tandem Repeats of Human Y Chromosome
Nine rare (biallelic) mutations and six short tandem repeats (STR) mapping to the nonrecombining portion of the Y chromosome were genotyped in 734 males from different geographical regions inhabitedExpand
At the Edge of Knowability: Towards a Prehistory of Languages
  • C. Renfrew
  • History
  • Cambridge Archaeological Journal
  • 2000
The issue of ‘knowability’ in relation to the origins and distribution of the language families of the world is addressed, and recent advances in historical linguistics and molecular geneticsExpand
...
1
2
...