Genetic Structure Among 38 Populations from the United States Based on 11 U.S. Core Y Chromosome STRs *

@article{Redd2006GeneticSA,
  title={Genetic Structure Among 38 Populations from the United States Based on 11 U.S. Core Y Chromosome STRs *},
  author={Alan J. Redd and Veronica F Chamberlain and Veronica F Kearney and Daryn A. Stover and Tatiana Karafet and Karl Calderon and Bruce Walsh and Michael F. Hammer},
  journal={Journal of Forensic Sciences},
  year={2006},
  volume={51}
}
ABSTRACT: A DNA database consisting of the 11 Y chromosome short‐tandem‐repeat (Y‐STR) recommended by the Scientific Working Group on DNA Analysis Methods is constructed for 2517 individuals from 38 populations in the United States. The population samples derive from five ethnic groups currently living in 10 states. A multidimensional scaling (MDS) plot places the populations into four discrete clusters (African Americans (AA), European Americans (EA), Hispanic Americans (HA), and Asian… 
Population structure of Y chromosome SNP haplogroups in the United States and forensic implications for constructing Y chromosome STR databases.
TLDR
It is inferred that both inter-ethnic admixture and population structure in ancestral source populations may contribute to fine scale Y-STR heterogeneity within U.S. ethnic groups.
Y-STR haplotypes and the genetic structure from eight Chinese ethnic populations.
To investigate the genetic structure of 8 Chinese ethnic populations, haplotype data of 9 short tandem repeats (STR) loci on non-recombining region of the Y chromosome (NRY) from 1816 individuals of
The mitochondrial landscape of African Americans: An examination of more than 2500 control region haplotypes from 22 U.S. locations.
TLDR
The mitochondrial DNA control region was Sanger-sequenced for a total of 2563 self-identified African Americans, using automated processing techniques and data review standards exceeding guidelines for forensic applications and are suitable for use in a forensic mtDNA database.
Genetic admixture, relatedness, and structure patterns among Mexican populations revealed by the Y-chromosome.
TLDR
Y-linked markers are suitable loci to analyze genetic diversity of human populations, offering knowledge of medical, forensic, and anthropological interest, and adding to the analysis data of Mexican Mestizos and Amerindians, and relevant worldwide populations.
Mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome variation in five eastern Aleut communities: Evidence for genetic substructure in the Aleut population
TLDR
Overall, this study identifies a significant relationship between geography and genetic variation in the Aleut population, with a distinct substructure along an east–west axis that reflects the combined effects of founder events in aggregate island communities, male-biased gene flow from European populations, and the original peopling of theAleutian Archipelago.
The effect of number of loci on geographical structuring and forensic applicability of Y-STR data in Finland
TLDR
The geographical distribution of haplotypes is similar in both data sets, but the level of interregional differences is significantly lower in the Yfiler data, and the implications of these observations on the forensic casework are discussed.
Disclosing the Genetic Structure of Brazil through Analysis of Male Lineages with Highly Discriminating Haplotypes
TLDR
The 23 markers included in this work allowed a high discrimination capacity between haplotypes from non-related individuals within a population and also increased the capacity to discriminate between paternal relatives, Nevertheless, the expected haplotype mutation rate is still not enough to distinguish the Y chromosome profiles of paternally related individuals.
Increased Resolution of Y Chromosome Haplogroup T Defines Relationships among Populations of the Near East, Europe, and Africa
TLDR
Estimates of the timing of the branching events within haplogroups T, along with a comprehensive geographic survey of the major T subclades, suggest that this haplogroup began to diversify in the Near East ∼25 kya and points to a complex history of dispersal of this rare and informative Haplogroup T.
Clan, language, and migration history has shaped genetic diversity in Haida and Tlingit populations from Southeast Alaska.
The linguistically distinctive Haida and Tlingit tribes of Southeast Alaska are known for their rich material culture, complex social organization, and elaborate ritual practices. However, much less
Lineage Markers: Y Chromosome and mtDNA Testing
TLDR
The chapter reviews the characteristics of mitochondrial DNA, the steps involved in obtaining results in forensic casework, and issues important to interpreting mtDNA results.
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 21 REFERENCES
Y chromosome STR haplotypes and the genetic structure of U.S. populations of African, European, and Hispanic ancestry.
TLDR
The lack of significant geographic heterogeneity among Y-STR and mtDNA haplotypes in U.S ethnic groups means that forensic DNA databases do not need to be constructed for separate geographic regions of the U.s, and means that regional variation in disease susceptibility within ethnic groups is more likely to reflect cultural/environmental factors, rather than any underlying genetic heterogeneity.
Online Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat haplotype reference database (YHRD) for U.S. populations.
We describe here an online Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat haplotype reference database (YHRD) for U.S. populations, which represents 9-locus Y-STR haplotypes for 1705 African-Americans,
High-resolution SNPs and microsatellite haplotypes point to a single, recent entry of Native American Y chromosomes into the Americas.
TLDR
The hypothesis of a single migration of a polymorphic founding population better fits the expanded database and traced both lineages to a probable ancestral homeland in the vicinity of the Altai Mountains in Southwest Siberia.
Global patterns of human mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome structure are not influenced by higher migration rates of females versus males
TLDR
A new strategy to assay Y-chromosome variation is introduced that identifies a high density of single-nucleotide polymorphisms, allows complete sequencing of all individuals rather than relying on predetermined markers and provides direct sequence comparisons with mtDNA.
Twelve short tandem repeat loci Y chromosome haplotypes: genetic analysis on populations residing in North America.
TLDR
These analyses support use of the haplotype population data for estimating Y-STR profile frequencies for populations residing in North America and support that autosomal STR frequencies can be multiplied by the upper bound frequency estimate of a Y-haplotype in the individual population group or those pooled into major population groups.
Y chromosome markers and Trans-Bering Strait dispersals.
TLDR
Data do not support the Greenberg et al. (1986) tripartite model for the early peopling of the Americas and the perplexing presence of the 1T haplotype in northeastern Siberia may be due to back-migration from the New World to Asia.
Ancestral Asian source(s) of new world Y-chromosome founder haplotypes.
TLDR
The contrasting distribution patterns of the two major candidate founder haplotypes in Asia and the New World, as well as the results of a nested cladistic analysis, suggest the possibility of more than one paternal migration from the general region of Lake Baikal to the Americas.
The distribution of human genetic diversity: a comparison of mitochondrial, autosomal, and Y-chromosome data.
TLDR
Analysis of worldwide genetic variation among 255 individuals by using autosomal, mitochondrial, and Y-chromosome polymorphisms reveals substantial congruity among this diverse array of genetic systems and offers broad support for an African origin of modern human populations.
The forensic DNA implications of genetic differentiation between endogamous communities.
TLDR
Where significant population stratification is known to exist, more detailed genetic databases should be developed for forensic DNA purposes, based on reference data from each of the appropriate sub-populations and not on random or combined samples.
Analysis of molecular variance inferred from metric distances among DNA haplotypes: application to human mitochondrial DNA restriction data.
TLDR
Application of AMOVA to human mitochondrial DNA haplotype data shows that population subdivisions are better resolved when some measure of molecular differences among haplotypes is introduced into the analysis, and Monte Carlo studies show that site sampling does not fundamentally affect the significance of the molecular variance components.
...
1
2
3
...