Genetic Evidence for an East Asian Origin of Domestic Dogs

@article{Savolainen2002GeneticEF,
  title={Genetic Evidence for an East Asian Origin of Domestic Dogs},
  author={Peter Savolainen and Ya-ping Zhang and Jing Luo and Joakim Lundeberg and Thomas Leitner},
  journal={Science},
  year={2002},
  volume={298},
  pages={1610 - 1613}
}
The origin of the domestic dog from wolves has been established, but the number of founding events, as well as where and when these occurred, is not known. To address these questions, we examined the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence variation among 654 domestic dogs representing all major dog populations worldwide. Although our data indicate several maternal origins from wolf, >95% of all sequences belonged to three phylogenetic groups universally represented at similar frequencies… 
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TLDR
Analysis of ancient DNA from the recently described putative 33,000-year old Pleistocene dog from Altai reveals that the unique haplotype of the Altai dog is more closely related to modern dogs and prehistoric New World canids than it is to contemporary wolves.
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