Genetic Analysis of a Scytho-Siberian Skeleton and Its Implications for Ancient Central Asian Migrations

@article{Ricaut2004GeneticAO,
  title={Genetic Analysis of a Scytho-Siberian Skeleton and Its Implications for Ancient Central Asian Migrations},
  author={F. X. Ricaut and Christine Keyser-Tracqui and Joanne Bourgeois and {\'E}ric Crub{\'e}zy and Bertrand Ludes},
  journal={Human Biology},
  year={2004},
  volume={76},
  pages={109 - 125}
}
The excavation of a frozen grave on the Kizil site (dated to be 2500 years old) in the Altai Republic (Central Asia) revealed a skeleton belonging to the Scytho-Siberian population. DNA was extracted from a bone sample and analyzed by autosomal STRs (short tandem repeats) and by sequencing the hypervariable region I (HV1) of the mitochondrial DNA. The resulting STR profile, mitochondrial haplotype, and haplogroup were compared with data from modern Eurasian and northern native American… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Paleogenetical study of pre-Columbian samples from Pampa Grande (Salta, Argentina).

The described genetic diversity indicates homogeneity in the genetic structure of the ancient Andean populations, which was probably facilitated by the intense exchange network in the Andean zone, in particular among Tiwanaku, San Pedro de Atacama, and NWA.

Molecular genetic analysis of 400-year-old human remains found in two Yakut burial sites.

Comparison of STR profiles, mitochondrial haplotypes, and haplogroups with data from Eurasian populations indicated affinities with Asian populations and suggested a relative specificity and continuity of part of the Yakut mitochondrial gene pool during the last five centuries.

Phylogeographic Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA in Northern

A detailed analysis of mtDNA gene pools of northern Asians provides the additional evidence to rule out the existence of a northern Asian route for the initial human colonization of Asia.

Diverse origin of mitochondrial lineages in Iron Age Black Sea Scythians

An overall similarity in mtDNA lineages of the NPR Scythians was found with the late Bronze Age Srubnaya population of the Northern Black Sea region which supports the archaeological hypothesis suggesting SrubNaya people as ancestors of theNPR Scythian.

Genetic analysis of early holocene skeletal remains from Alaska and its implications for the settlement of the Americas.

This individual's mitochondrial DNA represents the founder haplotype of an additional subhaplogroup of haplogroup D that was brought to the Americas, demonstrating that widely held assumptions about the genetic composition of the earliest Americans are incorrect.

Genetic features of ancient West Siberian people of the Middle Ages, revealed by mitochondrial DNA haplogroup analysis

The findings suggest that some medieval West Siberian people analyzed in the present study are included in direct ancestral lineages of modern populations native to West Siberia.

Mitochondrial DNA analysis of Hokkaido Jomon skeletons: remnants of archaic maternal lineages at the southwestern edge of former Beringia.

Interestingly, Hokkaido Jomons lack specific haplog groups that are prevailing in present-day native Siberians, implying that diffusion of these haplogroups in Siberia might have been after the beginning of the Jomon era, about 15,000 years before present.

Analysis of ancient human mitochondrial DNA from Verteba Cave, Ukraine: insights into the origins and expansions of the Late Neolithic-Chalcolithic Cututeni-Tripolye Culture

The results suggest individuals buried at Verteba Cave had overall low mtDNA diversity, most likely due to increased conflict among sedentary farmers and nomadic pastoralists to the East and North.

Maternal genetic features of the Iron Age Tagar population from Southern Siberia (1st millennium BC)

The results support the assumption that genetic components introduced by Bronze Age migrants from Western Eurasia contributed to the formation of the genetic composition of Scythian period populations in Southern Siberia and suggest a genetic continuity (at least partial) between the Early, Middle, and Late Tagar populations.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 98 REFERENCES

Genetic analysis of human remains from a double inhumation in a frozen kurgan in Kazakhstan (Berel site, Early 3rd Century BC)

A genetic study based on STRs and mitochondrial DNA analyses was undertaken in order to determine whether these human remains belonged to close relatives, but analysis of mitochondrial DNA showed that these skeletons were not close relatives.

Traces of early Eurasians in the Mansi of northwest Siberia revealed by mitochondrial DNA analysis.

The added presence of eastern Eurasian mtDNA lineages in the Mansi introduces the possibilities that proto-Eurasians encompassed a range of macrohaplogroup M and N lineages that subsequently became geographically distributed and that the Paleolithic expansion may have reached this part of Siberia before it split into western and eastern human groups.

[Paleogenetic analysis of the skeletons from the sepulchral cave of Elzarreko Karbia (Bronze Age, Basque Country)].

A confirmation of the anatomical sex determination through amelogenin first intron amplification and a mitochondrial second hypervariable region (HVR II) sequence for each individual are obtained, and thus, maternal relationship between some of the skeletons is excluded.

An mtDNA analysis in ancient Basque populations: implications for haplogroup V as a marker for a major paleolithic expansion from southwestern europe.

The most realistic scenario to explain the origin and distribution of haplogroup V suggests that the mutation defining that haplogroups appeared at a time when the effective population size was small enough to allow genetic drift to act-and that such drift is responsible for the heterogeneity observed in Basques.

A genetic study of 2,000-year-old human remains from Japan using mitochondrial DNA sequences.

Phylogenetic analysis indicated a statistically significant correlation between burial style and the genetic background of the Takuta-Nishibun individuals, and revealed no discrete clusterig patterns for the Yayoi individuals, for early modern Ainu, or for the Jomon people.

mtDNA diversity in Chukchi and Siberian Eskimos: implications for the genetic history of Ancient Beringia and the peopling of the New World.

The sequence-divergence estimates for haplogroups A, C, and D of Siberian and Native American populations indicate that the earliest inhabitants of Beringia possessed a limited number of founding mtDNA haplotypes and that the first humans expanded into the New World approximately 34,000 years before present.

Mitochondrial DNA variation in two South Siberian Aboriginal populations: implications for the genetic history of North Asia.

The results of nucleotide diversity analysis in East Asian and Siberian populations suggest that Central and East Asia were the source areas from which the genetically heterogeneous Tuvinians and Buryats first emerged.

Population genetics of ice age brown bears.

  • J. LeonardR. WayneA. Cooper
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2000
The Pleistocene was a dynamic period for Holarctic mammal species, complicated by episodes of glaciation, local extinctions, and intercontinental migration. The genetic consequences of these events

Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA analysis of a 2,000-year-old necropolis in the Egyin Gol Valley of Mongolia.

This is the first study using biparental, paternal, and maternal genetic systems to reconstruct partial genealogies in a protohistoric necropolis and showed close relationships between several specimens.

Mitochondrial DNA variation in Koryaks and Itel'men: population replacement in the Okhotsk Sea-Bering Sea region during the Neolithic.

Results were consistent with colonization events associated with the relatively recent immigration to Kamchatka of new tribes from the Siberian mainland region, although remnants of ancient Beringian populations were still evident in the Koryak and Itel'men gene pools.
...