Genesis and evolution of the 1997-98 El Nino

@article{McPhaden1999GenesisAE,
  title={Genesis and evolution of the 1997-98 El Nino},
  author={McPhaden},
  journal={Science},
  year={1999},
  volume={283 5404},
  pages={
          950-4
        }
}
  • McPhaden
  • Published 12 February 1999
  • Environmental Science
  • Science
The 1997-98 El Nino was, by some measures, the strongest on record, with major climatic impacts felt around the world. A newly completed tropical Pacific atmosphere-ocean observing system documented this El Nino from its rapid onset to its sudden demise in greater detail than was ever before possible. The unprecedented measurements challenge existing theories about El Nino-related climate swings and suggest why climate forecast models underpredicted the strength of the El Nino before its onset. 

Evolution of the 2002/03 El Niño*

An El Nino of moderate intensity developed in the tropical Pacific in 2002/03. This event, though not as strong as the 1997/98 El Nino, had significant impacts on patterns of weather variability

The 1918/19 El Niño

AbstractEl Nino is widely recognized as a source of global climate variability. However, because of limited ocean observations during the early part of the twentieth century, little is known about El

Changes in oceanic precipitation during the 1997–98 El Niño

The recent El Niño has been by most measures one of the most extreme, and there have been several papers on its thermal signature and associated wind field. There has also been wide coverage of the

Equatorial waves and the 1997–98 El Niño

New measurements and model results highlight the role of equatorial oceanic wave processes in affecting the evolution of the 1997–98 El Niño in ways not fully anticipated by delayed oscillator

Mechanisms of the 1997–1998 El Niño–La Niña, as inferred from space‐based observations

[1] The intensity of the 1997 El Nino and the 8°C sudden drop in sea surface temperature (SST) around 0°–130°W during the turn into La Nina in 1998 were a surprise to the scientific community. This

Observing abnormal wind features of the tropical Pacific Ocean during the 1997-98 El Nino

  • Ge ChenC. FangLixin Fang
  • Environmental Science
    IGARSS 2001. Scanning the Present and Resolving the Future. Proceedings. IEEE 2001 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Cat. No.01CH37217)
  • 2001
TLDR
These features, revealed by the multi-year TOPEX altimeter data, may serve as new clues to improve the understanding of El Nino formation, and may also contribute to its future prediction.

Physical‐biological coupling in the California Current during the 1997–99 El Niño‐La Niña Cycle

The rapid transition from strong El Niño to strong La Niña conditions in the equatorial Pacific in 1998 was accompanied by considerable environmental variability in the southern California Current

Abrupt termination of the 1997–98 El Niño in response to a Madden–Julian oscillation

The role of the Madden–Julian oscillation—a global atmospheric wave in the tropics that is associated with convective activity and propagates eastwards with a period of about 30–60 days (refs 1,

VARIABILITY OF THE PACIFIC WIND SYSTEM DURING THE 1997-98 EL NIÑO OBSERVED BY TOPEX ALTIMETRY

The 1997-98 El Nino, known as the strongest in recorded history, manifested itself with a number of unusual features associated with the Pacific wind system. These features include: 1) an annual
...

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