Genes related to antiviral activity, cell migration, and lysis are differentially expressed in CD4(+) T cells in human t cell leukemia virus type 1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis patients.

Abstract

Human T cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) preferentially infects CD4(+) T cells and these cells play a central role in HTLV-1 infection. In this study, we investigated the global gene expression profile of circulating CD4(+) T cells from the distinct clinical status of HTLV-1-infected individuals in regard to TAX expression levels. CD4(+) T cells were isolated from asymptomatic HTLV-1 carrier (HAC) and HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) patients in order to identify genes involved in HAM/TSP development using a microarray technique. Hierarchical clustering analysis showed that healthy control (CT) and HTLV-1-infected samples clustered separately. We also observed that the HAC and HAM/TSP groups clustered separately regardless of TAX expression. The gene expression profile of CD4(+) T cells was compared among the CT, HAC, and HAM/TSP groups. The paxillin (Pxn), chemokine (C-X-C motif ) receptor 4 (Cxcr4), interleukin 27 (IL27), and granzyme A (Gzma) genes were differentially expressed between the HAC and HAM/TSP groups, regardless of TAX expression. The perforin 1 (Prf1) and forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) genes were increased in the HAM/TSP group and presented a positive correlation to the expression of TAX and the proviral load (PVL). The frequency of CD4(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) was higher in HTLV-1-infected individuals. Foxp3 gene expression was positively correlated with cell lysis-related genes (Gzma, Gzmb, and Prf1). These findings suggest that CD4(+) T cell activity is distinct between the HAC and HAM/TSP groups.

DOI: 10.1089/AID.2013.0109

Cite this paper

@article{Pinto2014GenesRT, title={Genes related to antiviral activity, cell migration, and lysis are differentially expressed in CD4(+) T cells in human t cell leukemia virus type 1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis patients.}, author={Mariana Tomazini Pinto and Tathiane Maistro Malta and Evandra Strazza Rodrigues and Daniel Guariz Pinheiro and Rodrigo Alexandre Panepucci and Kelen Cristina Ribeiro Malmegrim de Farias and Alessandra de Paula A Sousa and Osvaldo Massaiti Takayanagui and Yuetsu Tanaka and Dimas Tadeu Covas and Simone Haddad Kashima}, journal={AIDS research and human retroviruses}, year={2014}, volume={30 6}, pages={610-22} }