Generation of HLA‐deficient platelets from hematopoietic progenitor cells

@article{Figueiredo2010GenerationOH,
  title={Generation of HLA‐deficient platelets from hematopoietic progenitor cells},
  author={Constança Figueiredo and Lilia Goudeva and Peter A. Horn and Britta Eiz-Vesper and Rainer Blasczyk and Axel Seltsam},
  journal={Transfusion},
  year={2010},
  volume={50}
}
BACKGROUND: Exposure to allogeneic blood products often leads to the development of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies. Refractoriness to platelet (PLT) transfusion caused by alloimmunization against HLA Class I antigens constitutes a significant clinical problem. 

HLA‐selected platelets for platelet refractory patients with HLA antibodies: a single‐center experience

Platelet refractoriness due to HLA immunization represents a problem in transfusion management of thrombocytopenic hematology patients and how the degree of HLA mismatch influences transfusion outcome is poorly studied.

Bone marrow stromal cells transduced with a thrombopoietin, interleukin‐6, and interleukin‐11 syncretic gene induce cord mononuclear cells to generate platelets in vitro

The induction of hematopoietic stem cells to produce mass numbers of platelets (PLTs) in vitro is an effective method to address a lack of PLTs and PLT transfusion resistance in the clinic. However,

A more efficient preparation system for HLA‐eliminated platelets

The HLA‐eliminated platelets production process is improved by employing a hollow‐fibre system at the last step of the production process after an acid and a reaction buffer have been washed out conventionally by centrifugation.

HLA-Universal Platelet Transfusions Prevent Platelet Refractoriness in a Mouse Model

The capacity of HLA-silenced PLTs to escape HLA antibody-mediated cytotoxicity in vitro and in vivo is assessed and it is shown that the generation of functional HLA class I-silence PLTs from CD34+ cells, using a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) to target β2-microglobulin (β2m) transcripts, is feasible.

Generation and characterization of HLA-universal platelets derived from induced pluripotent stem cells

Generating functional iPSC-derived platelets in vitro without HLA class I expression by knocking out the β2m gene using paired CRISPR/Cas9 nickases is successfully generated.

Semaphorin 7A inhibits platelet production from CD34+ progenitor cells

The effect of Sema7A on differentiation of CD34+ progenitor cells into megakaryocytes and platelets is investigated and it is found that it has regulatory effects on blood cell differentiation via its receptors β1‐integrin and plexin C1.

Generation of HLA-Universal iPSC-Derived Megakaryocytes and Platelets for Survival Under Refractoriness Conditions

In vitro produced low immunogenic MKs and PLTs may become an alternative to PLT donation in PLT-based therapies and an important component in the management of severe alloimmunized patients.

A future with less HLA: potential clinical applications of HLA-universal cells.

A strategy to decrease the immunogenicity of cell and tissues to improve their survival after allogeneic transplantation in the absence of immunosuppression is developed.

The source of HLA molecules on platelets: Does platelets adsorb soluble HLA molecules from their environment?

Platelets were unable to significantly adsorb exogenous HLA antigens from their environment and further studies are needed to unravel the nature and origin of HLA molecules on platelets.

Generation of HLA Universal Megakaryocytes and Platelets by Genetic Engineering

Genetically engineered HLA-silenced MKs and PLTs were shown to be functional and to have the capability to survive cell- and antibody-mediated cytotoxicity using in vitro and in vivo models.
...

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