Modern Molecular Photochemistry of Organic Molecules, University Science Books
- N. J. Turro, V. Ramamaurthy, J. C. Scaiano
The nanosecond electronic spectra and kinetics of the radical pairs from various crystalline tetraarylacetones were obtained using transmission laser flash photolysis methods by taking advantage of aqueous nanocrystalline suspensions in the presence of submicellar CTAB, which acts as a surface passivator. After showing that all tetraarylacetones react efficiently by a photodecarbonylation reaction in the crystalline state, we were able to detect the intermediate radical pairs within the ca. 8 ns laser pulse of our laser setup. We showed that the solid-state spectra of the radical pairs are very similar to those detected in solution, with λmax in the 330-360 nm range. Kinetics in the solid state was observed to be biexponential and impervious to the presence of oxygen or variations in laser power. A relatively short-lived component (0.3-1.7 μs) accounts for only 3-8% of the total decay with a longer-lived component having a time constant in the range of 40-90 μs depending on the nature of the substituents.