Generalizing Steady State Suppression for Enhanced Intelligibility Under Reverberation

Abstract

Speech intelligibility in reverberant environments decreases due to overlap-masking. Unlike additive noise, the masking signal is not independent from the information bearing signal. A mathematical framework for intelligibility-enhancing signal modification prior to presentation in reverberant environments is presented in this paper. The optimal solution generalizes steady state suppression and adjusts the short-term signal power as a function of late reverberation power and signal importance. The signal modification operates in a full-band setting and preserves the time scale of the unmodified signal. Gain smoothing based on an adaptive rate-of-change constraint reduces processing artifacts and enhances performance. Subjective validation shows that the proposed method effectively reduces the impact of overlap-masking. Speech intelligibility at a reverberation time of 1.8 s was improved significantly compared to unmodified and steady-state-suppressed speech.

DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2016-1026

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Petkov2016GeneralizingSS, title={Generalizing Steady State Suppression for Enhanced Intelligibility Under Reverberation}, author={Petko N. Petkov and Yannis Stylianou}, booktitle={INTERSPEECH}, year={2016} }