Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement.

  title={Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement.},
  author={Julian B Rotter},
  journal={Psychological monographs},
  volume={80 1},
The effects of reward or reinforcement on preceding behavior depend in part on whether the person perceives the reward as contingent on his own behavior or independent of it. Acquisition and performance differ in situations perceived as determined by skill versus chance. Persons may also differ in generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. This report summarizes several experiments which define group differences in behavior when Ss perceive reinforcement as… CONTINUE READING
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