Generalized Intergroup Contact Effects on Prejudice

@article{Pettigrew1997GeneralizedIC,
  title={Generalized Intergroup Contact Effects on Prejudice},
  author={Thomas F. Pettigrew},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={1997},
  volume={23},
  pages={173 - 185}
}
  • T. Pettigrew
  • Published 1 February 1997
  • Psychology
  • Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
The intergroup contact hypothesis is tested with self-reports of 3,806 survey respondents in seven 1988 national probability samples of France, Great Britain, the Netherlands, and West Germany. With seven key variables controlled, the hypothesis is confirmed-especially for intergroup friendships and affective prejudice. Nonrecursive models indicate that the predicted friends-to-less-prejudice causal path is larger than the prejudice to-fewer-intergroup friends path. These effects generalize in… 
Differential Effects of Intergroup Contact for Authoritarians and Social Dominators
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The model predicts that intergroup contact should be particularly effective for people high in right-wing authoritarianism, but not those high in social dominance orientation, because these ideological attitudes are driven by different underlying motivational goals.
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The chapter proposes four processes: learning about the outgroup, changed behavior, affective ties, and ingroup reappraisal, and distinguishes between essential and facilitating factors, and emphasizes different outcomes for different stages of contact.
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Despite the impressive supportive evidence, the contact hypothesis (Allport, 1954) does not specify whether the positive effects following contact with a primary outgroup generalize to attitudes
Effects of Intergroup Contact and Political Predispositions on Prejudice: Role of Intergroup Emotions
Two broad distal causes of prejudice are past history of intergroup contact and general political predispositions. Two studies investigate the extent to which these effects are mediated by emotions
Can intergroup contact improve humanity attributions?
TLDR
A double-mediation model is tested, in which contact is associated with both decreased salience of intergroup boundaries and the adoption of a common identity, which is related to lower levels of anxiety and higher levels of empathy, both emotions being proximal predictors of outgroup humanization.
Secondary transfer effect of contact: Do intergroup contact effects spread to noncontacted outgroups?
This paper reviews the evidence for a secondary transfer effect of intergroup contact. Following a contact’s typical primary reduction in prejudice toward the outgroup involved in the contact, this
Secondary transfer effects of intergroup contact: Alternative accounts and underlying processes.
TLDR
Results indicated that, consistent with the STE, contact with a primary outgroup predicts attitudes toward secondary outgroups, over and above contact with the secondary outgroup, socially desirable responding, and prior attitudes.
Role of perceived importance in intergroup contact.
TLDR
It is proposed that perceived importance is the best proximal predictor of contact's reduction of prejudice and is distinct from established quantity and quality indicators.
How intergroup friendship works: A longitudinal study of friendship effects on outgroup attitudes
Cross-sectional research has shown that frequency of self-disclosure to outgroup members mediates the positive relationship between intergroup friendship and outgroup attitudes. The current research
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The reported study investigated the relationship between prejudice and intergroup contact for German and Turkish pupils (age 15 years) in the Federal Republic of Germany. A distinction was drawn
Effects of structured cooperative contact on changing negative attitudes toward stigmatized social groups.
TLDR
Evidence is provided consistent with the hypothesis that contact affects attitude in part by eliciting a more positive portrait of the typical group member by describing the typical mental patient more positively and adopted more positive attitudes and wider latitudes of acceptance toward the group.
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