Generalizations of the Hohenberg-Kohn theorem: I. Legendre transform constructions of variational principles for density matrices and electron distribution functions.


Given a general, N-particle Hamiltonian operator, analogs of the Hohenberg-Kohn theorem are derived for functions that are more general than the particle density, including density matrices and the diagonal elements thereof. The generalization of Lieb's Legendre transform ansatz to the generalized Hohenberg-Kohn functional not only solves the upsilon… (More)


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