General systems theory: applications for organization and management.

@article{Kast1981GeneralST,
  title={General systems theory: applications for organization and management.},
  author={F. Kast and J. Rosenzweig},
  journal={The Journal of nursing administration},
  year={1981},
  volume={11 7},
  pages={
          32-41
        }
}
General systems theory has been proposed as a basis for the unification of science. The open systems model has stimulated many new conceptualizations in organization theory and management practice. However, experience in utilizing these concepts suggests many unresolved dilemmas. Contingency views represent a step toward less abstraction, more explicit patterns of relationships, and more applicable theory. Sophistication will come when we have a more complete understanding of organizations as… Expand

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