General self‐efficacy in various domains of human functioning: Evidence from five countries

@article{Luszczynska2005GeneralSI,
  title={General self‐efficacy in various domains of human functioning: Evidence from five countries},
  author={Aleksandra Luszczynska and Benicio Guti{\'e}rrez-Do{\~n}a and Ralf Schwarzer},
  journal={International Journal of Psychology},
  year={2005},
  volume={40},
  pages={80-89}
}
Based on social-cognitive theory (Bandura, 1997), this paper examined whether perceived self-efficacy is a universal psychological construct that accounts for variance within various domains of human functioning. Perceived self-efficacy is not only of a task-specific nature, but it can also be identified at a more general level of functioning. General self-efficacy (GSE) is the belief in one’s competence to tackle novel tasks and to cope with adversity in a broad range of stressful or… 

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