General overgrowth in the fragile X syndrome: variability in the phenotypic expression of the FMR1 gene mutation.

Abstract

Received 21 March 1995 Revised version accepted for publication 2 June 1995 Abstract The fragile X syndrome, which often presents in childhood with overgrowth, may in some cases show some diagnostic overlap with classical Sotos syndrome. We describe four fragile X patients with general overgrowth, all ofwhom are from families with other affected relatives who show the classic Martin-Bell phenotype. Molecular studies of the FMR1 gene in all cases showed the typical full mutation as seen in males affected by the fragile X syndrome. Endocrine studies were unremarkable, except in one case where there were raised levels ofinsulin-like growth factor-I (IGFI) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) These cases illustrate the clinical variability of the fragile X syndrome and the necessity of performing analysis of the FMR1 gene in mentally retarded patients presenting with general overgrowth.

Cite this paper

@article{Vries1995GeneralOI, title={General overgrowth in the fragile X syndrome: variability in the phenotypic expression of the FMR1 gene mutation.}, author={Bert B. A. de Vries and Helen J Robinson and Irene Stolte-Dijkstra and C V Tjon Pian Gi and Piet F. Dijkstra and Jacob van Doorn and Dicky J J Halley and B. A. Oostra and Gillian M. Turner and Martinus F. Niermeijer}, journal={Journal of medical genetics}, year={1995}, volume={32 10}, pages={764-9} }