Gene therapy: Therapeutic gene causing lymphoma

@article{Woods2006GeneTT,
  title={Gene therapy: Therapeutic gene causing lymphoma},
  author={Niels-Bjarne Woods and Virginie Bottero and Manfred Schmidt and Christof von Kalle and Inder M. Verma},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2006},
  volume={440},
  pages={1123-1123}
}
The development of T-cell leukaemia following the otherwise successful treatment of three patients with X-linked severe combined immune deficiency (X-SCID) in gene-therapy trials using haematopoietic stem cells has led to a re-evaluation of this approach. Using a mouse model for gene therapy of X-SCID, we find that the corrective therapeutic gene IL2RG itself can act as a contributor to the genesis of T-cell lymphomas, with one-third of animals being affected. Gene-therapy trials for X-SCID… 

Gene therapy: Is IL2RG oncogenic in T-cell development?: X-SCID transgene leukaemogenicity (reply)

Using a lentiviral vector and a murine model of X-linked severe combined immune deficiency (X-SCID), we have shown that mice transplanted with cells constitutively overexpressing the therapeutic gene

Assessing the risk of T-cell malignancies in mouse models of SCID-X1.

  • B. Sorrentino
  • Biology, Medicine
    Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
  • 2010
Most of the more than 30 treated patients have had full reconstitution of T-cell–mediated immunity, with restoration of B-cell function in fewer, but significant numbers of, cases, however, in both SCID-X1 trials, some patients developed T- cell malignancies that were clearly related to insertional mutagenesis from the integrated vector.

Gene Therapy for SCID

This work reports that SCID-X1 and adenosine deaminase SCID have been successfully treated with hematopoietic stem cell gene therapy (HSC-GT) and patients show impressive levels of immune reconstitution.

Gene therapy for primary immunodeficiencies.

  • A. Thrasher
  • Biology, Medicine
    Immunology and allergy clinics of North America
  • 2008

Safer vectors for gene therapy of primary immunodeficiencies.

Existing methodologies for PID GT are summarized highlighting the importance of animal models in the PID GT success and focusing on new gene transfer vectors to achieve safe, efficient and stable gene modification.

Sola dosis facit venenum. Leukemia in gene therapy trials: a question of vectors, inserts and dosage?

The mechanisms of insertional mutagenesis, the fuction of the Il2RG gene and the future developments in the field are reviewed and the unfortunate side effects of gene therapy have given more insight into the development of human T-ALL.

Combating oncogene activation associated with retrovirus-mediated gene therapy of X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency

The current understanding of the mechanism behind this leukemogenesis involves three critical and cooperating factors, i.e., viral integration, oncogene activation, and the function of the therapeutic gene.

New insights and unresolved issues regarding insertional mutagenesis in X-linked SCID gene therapy.

This review discusses the various forms of SCID in relation to normal T-cell development and considers the possible role of LMO2 and other T-ALL oncogenes in the development of adverse effects as seen in the X-linked SCID gene therapy trial.

Combating oncogene activation associated with retrovirus-mediated gene therapy of X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency.

  • B. StraussE. Costanzi-Strauss
  • Biology, Medicine
    Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas
  • 2007
The current understanding of the mechanism behind this leukemogenesis involves three critical and cooperating factors, i.e., viral integration, oncogene activation, and the function of the therapeutic gene.

Stem cell gene therapy: the risks of insertional mutagenesis and approaches to minimize genotoxicity

Current information on the mechanisms of insertional mutagenesis in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells due to integrating gene transfer vectors are summarized, and newlydeveloped approaches for minimizing genotoxicity are introduced as a way to further move HSC gene therapy forward into broader clinical application.
...

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