Gender stereotypes and dimensions of effective leader behavior

  title={Gender stereotypes and dimensions of effective leader behavior},
  author={Arnie Cann and William D. Siegfried},
  journal={Sex Roles},
Research has consistently found that effective leadership is perceived as characterized by traits similar to those associated with masculine gender roles. These perceptions would appear to be at odds with extensive research indicating that effective leadership requires “consideration” and “structuring” behaviors—behaviors that seem to represent both masculine and feminine styles. In two separate studies, the correspondence between gender stereotypes and dimensions of effective leadership were… 
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  • S. Bem
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1974
A new sex-role inventory is described that treats masculinity and femininity as two independent dimensions, thereby making it possible to characterize a person as masculine, feminine, or "androgynous" as a function of the difference between his or her endorsement of masculine and feminine personality characteristics.
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