Gender roles in animated cartoons: Has the picture changed in 20 years?

@article{Thompson1995GenderRI,
  title={Gender roles in animated cartoons: Has the picture changed in 20 years?},
  author={Teresa L. Cervantez Thompson and Eugenia Zerbinos},
  journal={Sex Roles},
  year={1995},
  volume={32},
  pages={651-673}
}
This study is an update of research done primarily in the 1970s on gender representation in children's cartoons. In the present study, 175 episodes of 41 different cartoons were coded for numbers and demographic characteristics of male, female, and androgynous characters. Behaviors, communication characteristics, and total talk time of male and female characters were coded, along with copyright year and country of origin. Results indicated notable discrepancies between prominence and portrayal… Expand

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