Gender-role conflict scale: College men's fear of femininity

  title={Gender-role conflict scale: College men's fear of femininity},
  author={J M O'neil and Barbara J. Helms and Robert K. Gable and Laurence David and Lawrence S. Wrightsman},
  journal={Sex Roles},
Gender-role conflict exists when gender roles have negative consequences for people. This research reports initial validity and reliability data on measures of gender-role conflict for men. Two measures, Gender Role Conflict Scale I and II (GRCS-I and GRCS-II) were constructed to assess patterns of gender-role conflict described in the literature. GRCS-I assesses men's personal gender-role attitudes, behaviors, and conflicts. GRCS-II assesses men's gender-role conflicts in specific gender-role… 

Gender-Role Conflict and Gender-Role Orientation in a Sample of Gay Men

Results from regression of 3 BSRI scores on the 4 subscale scores of the GRCS indicated that gender role conflict was most strongly and positively associated with the negative aspect of masculinity (social masculinity), accounting for about 11% of variability in social masculinity scores.

Predictors of adult men's gender-role conflict : race, class, unemployment, age, instrumentality-expressiveness, and personal strain

Gender-role conflict exists when socialized gender roles result in personal restriction, devaluation, or violation of others or self. This research assesses the ways in which 13 demographic,

Male gender role conflict: Psychometric issues and relations to psychological distress.

Two distinct deficits in research on male gender role conflict are addressed: (a) lack of psychometric information and (b) lack of research involving clinical samples. First, using 1,043 men across

Gender Role and Gender Role Conflict: Preliminary Considerations for Psychotherapy with Gay Men

The current study examined the influence of gender role, gender role conflict, and their interaction in predicting psychological distress in gay men. Gender role was measured utilizing the

Measuring Men’s Gender Norms and Gender Role Conflict/Stress in a High HIV-Prevalence South African Setting

While GEMS is a good measure of inequitable gender norms, new or revised scale items may need to be explored in the South African context and adding the GRC/S scale to capture men’s strain related to gender roles could provide important insights into men‘s risk behaviors.

Cross-Sectional Study of Gender Role Conflict Examining College-Aged and Middle-Aged Men.

This study examined gender role conflict in college-aged and middle-aged men. Eighty-eight college-aged men and 89 middle-aged men completed 5 measures that assess gender role conflict and

College Men’s and Women’s Masculine Gender Role Strain and Dating Violence Acceptance Attitudes: Testing Sex as a Moderator

The present study tested sex as a moderator of the connections between men’s and women’s masculine gender role strain (i.e., masculine gender role conflict and masculine gender role stress) and

The relationship between masculine gender role stress and psychological adjustment: A question of construct validity?

Masculine gender role stress is a theoretical construct that describes the stress created in men when they feel they are not meeting society's expectations for masculinity, or when the situation

Masculine Gender Role Conflict and Psychological Well- Being: A Comparative Study of Heterosexual and Gay Men

Masculine gender role conflict (MGRC) occurs when externally-imposed male gender role expectations have a negative impact on and consequences for men. The purpose of this study was to examine how men

What’s Right With Men? Gender Role Socialization and Men’s Positive Functioning

Investigation of relations between conformity to masculine norms, gender role conflict, hope, and psychological well-being among a sample of 389 men from a university, with a predominantly White student body, located in the Midwestern United States revealed that men’s conformity to feminine norms and gender role Conflict were positively correlated.



Patterns of Gender Role Conflict and Strain: Sexism and Fear of Femininity in Men's Lives

This article describes men's gender role conflict and strain that emanate from rigid gender socialization. The author proposes 10 assumptions about how gender role socialization and sexism can be

Ratings of self and peers on sex role attributes and their relation to self-esteem and conceptions of masculinity and femininity.

Correlations of the self-ratings with stereotype scores and the Attitudes Toward Women Scale were low in magnitude, suggesting that sex role expectations do not distort self-concepts.

Masculine Instrumentality and Feminine Expressiveness: Their Relationships with Sex Role Attitudes and Behaviors

Data from the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) and the Personal Attributes Questionnaire (PAQ) Masculinity and Femininity scales have led to the hypothesis that androgynous individuals are more

Masculinity & femininity: Their psychological dimensions, correlates, and antecedents

Preface 1. Gender, Sex Roles, and the Psychological Dimensions of Masculinity and Femininity 2. Previous Research and Overview of the Study 3. Measuring Instruments 4. Sample Characteristics and

Sex Role Identity, Androgyny, and Sex Role Transcendence: A Sex Role Strain Analysis

This paper first reviews three different theoretical constructs concerning the psychological significance of sex role related characteristics in personality functioning: sex role identity, androgyny,

The measurement of psychological androgyny.

  • S. Bem
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1974
A new sex-role inventory is described that treats masculinity and femininity as two independent dimensions, thereby making it possible to characterize a person as masculine, feminine, or "androgynous" as a function of the difference between his or her endorsement of masculine and feminine personality characteristics.

Dilemmas of Masculinity: A Study of College Youth

In Dilemmas of Masculinity, noted sociologist Mirra Komarovsky turns her attention to the consequences of feminism among women on the lives of men. As she'd documented in Women in the Modern World,

The myth of masculinity

In this book, Joseph Pleck examines and analyzes the full body of research literature on the male role that has appeared since the 1930s and subjects it to a devastating critique. He identifies the

Natural history of male psychological health. II. Some antecedents of healthy adult adjustment.

  • G. Vaillant
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1974
Warm childhoods were significantly correlated with the following traits in middle life: few oral dependent traits, little psychopathology, the capacity to play, and-most important-good object relations.

Construct validity in psychological tests.

The present interpretation of construct validity is not "official" and deals with some areas where the Committee would probably not be unanimous, but the present writers are solely responsible for this attempt to explain the concept and elaborate its implications.