Gender dysphoria associated with disorders of sex development

@article{Furtado2012GenderDA,
  title={Gender dysphoria associated with disorders of sex development},
  author={Paulo Sampaio Furtado and Felipe Moraes and Renata Lago and Luciana Oliveira Barros and Maria Bet{\^a}nia Pereira Toralles and Ubirajara Barroso},
  journal={Nature Reviews Urology},
  year={2012},
  volume={9},
  pages={620-627}
}
Disorders of sex development (DSDs) are estimated to be prevalent in 0.1–2% of the global population, although these figures are unlikely to adequately represent non-white patients as they are largely based on studies performed in Europe and the USA. Possible causes of DSDs include disruptions to gene expression and regulation—processes that are considered essential for the development of testes and ovaries in the embryo. Gender dysphoria generally affects between 8.5–20% of individuals with… 

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Information on gender identity outcomes across a range of DSD diagnoses is presented to aid in sex of rearing assignment.

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