Gender differences in the mu rhythm during empathy for pain: An electroencephalographic study

@article{Yang2009GenderDI,
  title={Gender differences in the mu rhythm during empathy for pain: An electroencephalographic study},
  author={Chia-Yen Yang and Jean Decety and Shin-Yi Lee and Chenyi Chen and Yawei Cheng},
  journal={Brain Research},
  year={2009},
  volume={1251},
  pages={176-184}
}
Childhood emotional invalidation and right hemispheric mu suppression during a pain empathy task: An EEG study
TLDR
The findings suggest that perceived childhood EI may decrease empathizing abilities and influence neural responses to the painful experiences of others, and could entail clinical intervention targeted at emotional invalidation to foster the healthy development of empathy.
Frequency-dependent changes in sensorimotor and pain affective systems induced by empathy for pain
TLDR
MEP suppression supports that modulation of cortical oscillations by viewing movies depicting pain involves sensorimotor processing, and suggests that α/β oscillations underlie the sensory qualities of others’ pain, whereas the γ band reflects the cognitive aspect.
Somatosensory mu activity reflects imagined pain intensity of others.
TLDR
Results indicate that modulation of mu activity through perspective taking reflects the imagined pain intensity and not the cognitive load induced by the task.
Suppression of Sensorimotor Alpha Power Associated With Pain Expressed by an Avatar: A Preliminary EEG Study
TLDR
qEEG results suggest that synthetic characters are able to elicit SAS and SAS is indeed associated with perspective-taking capacities, and persons with poorer perspective- taking capacities can show significant SAS when proper instructions are provided.
Sensorimotor Alpha Activity is Modulated in Response to the Observation of Pain in Others
TLDR
It is argued that alpha oscillations provide a unique measure of the underlying functional architecture of the brain, suggesting an automatic disinhibition of the sensorimotor cortices in response to the observation of pain in others.
The impact of mood on empathy for pain: Evidence from an EEG study.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that observers' mood states influence the motoric component of empathy for pain, and specifically the negative mood suppresses the motorics empathic resonance for others' pain.
The Role of Sensorimotor Processes in Pain Empathy
TLDR
Future research should focus on how empathy-related sensorimotor responses are related to higher-order empathic responses, including affective sharing and emotion regulation, and how this motivates approach-related prosocial behaviors aimed at alleviating the pain and suffering of others.
Sex differences in sensorimotor mu rhythms during selective attentional processing
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References

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Empathy for pain and touch in the human somatosensory cortex.
TLDR
Results indicate that the S1 is not only involved in the actual perception of pain and touch but also plays an important role in extracting somatic features from social interactions.
Gender Differences in the Mu Rhythm of the Human Mirror-Neuron System
TLDR
The results demonstrate that females displayed significantly stronger mu suppression than males when watching hand actions, which indirectly lend support to the extreme male brain theory put forward by Baron-Cohen (2005), and may cast some light on the mirror-neuron dysfunction in autism spectrum disorders.
What Are You Feeling? Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Assess the Modulation of Sensory and Affective Responses during Empathy for Pain
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The findings elucidate how top-down control mechanisms and automatic bottom-up processes interact to generate and modulate other-oriented responses, and shed light on how emotional and bodily awareness enable us to evaluate the sensory and affective states of others.
Transcranial magnetic stimulation highlights the sensorimotor side of empathy for pain
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This work used transcranial magnetic stimulation to record changes in corticospinal motor representations of hand muscles of individuals observing needles penetrating hands or feet of a human model or noncorporeal objects and found a reduction in amplitude of motor-evoked potentials that was specific to the muscle that subjects observed being pricked.
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