Gender differences in social consequences of perceived overweight in the United States and Australia

  title={Gender differences in social consequences of perceived overweight in the United States and Australia},
  author={Marika Tiggemann and Esther D Rothblum},
  journal={Sex Roles},
This study investigated attitudes about body weight and appearance in a group of young adults. Undergraduate psychology students at the Flinders University of South Australia and at the University of Vermont were asked about their weight and dieting, consciousness about their body, the degree to which their weight had interfered with social activities, their perceptions about the causes of obseity, and their stereotypes about fat and thin men and women. Although 20% of the sample was overweight… 
Gender and Ethnic Differences in Obesity‐Related Behaviors and Attitudes In a College Sample
This study looked at gender and Black/White differences for a number of variables related to attitudes toward obesity in a sample of 650 college students. The overall stereotypes of overweight
A Comparison Study of United States and African Students on Perceptions of Obesity and Thinness
There is a negative correlation between body weight and income in the United States, and epidemic numbers of people diet to become thin. In developing nations, on the other hand, there is a positive
Gender differences in the psychological correlates of body-weight in young adults.
It was concluded that a woman's body weight is much more central to her self-image than is a man's.
Weight stigmatization and bias reduction: perspectives of overweight and obese adults.
While obese individuals experience weight bias across many domains, more stigma-reduction efforts should target stigmatizing encounters in close relationships, including parents, spouses and friends of obese persons.
Effect of Western culture on women's attitudes to eating and perceptions of body shape.
Main implications center around the need for a cross-culturally sensitive definition of eating disorders, the effect of level of ethnic identity on eating attitudes and body image, and the importance of developing culturally appropriate measures.
Body image and psychosocial differences among stable average weight, currently overweight, and formerly overweight women: the role of stigmatizing experiences.
Correlations confirmed that, among overweight but not formerly overweight women, more frequent stigmatizing experiences during childhood, adolescence, and adulthood were significantly associated with currently poorer body image and psychosocial functioning.
The Development of Gender Differences in Body‐Size Dissatisfaction
Abstract This study aimed to replicate with an Australian sample Fallon and Rozin's (1985) finding of gender differences in body dissatisfaction, and to further investigate the developmental origins
Attitudinal and Perceptual Dimensions of Body Image in Adolescents
Abstract Background: Body image is viewed as a multidimensional construct, a combination of perception and attitude regarding the body. Prevalence studies in body image concerns indicate the
Is Love Seen as Different for the Obese?1
In order to assess how actual obesity and stereotypes of obesity affect perceptions of love, 222 college students completed an anonymous questionnaire concerning their experiences with love,
Social, educational, and psychological correlates of weight status in adolescents.
These findings contribute to an understanding of how adolescent experiences vary by weight status and suggest social and psychological risks associated with not meeting weight and body shape ideals embedded in the larger culture.


The stigma of obesity: the consequences of naive assumptions concerning the causes of physical deviance.
  • W. DeJong
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of health and social behavior
  • 1980
It was demonstrated that unless the obese target could offer an "excuse" for her weight, such as a glandular disorder, or could report recent successful weight loss, she was given a less positive evaluation, and was less liked, than was a normal-weight target.
Fat, Four‐Eyed, and Female: Stereotypes of Obesity, Glasses, and Gender
In a between-subjects design, 46 male and 101 female Australian university students rated a target person described as male or female, overweight or average weight, and wearing glasses or not, on
Quetelet's index (W/H2) as a measure of fatness.
It is concluded that Quetelet's formula is both a convenient and reliable indicator of obesity.
No Fat Persons Need Apply
Two studies explored reactions to the overweight by isolating the effects of weight from other characteristics of the job applicant. The first study, which established the existence of a stereotype,
Indices of relative weight and obesity.
The body mass index seems preferable over other indices of relative weight on these grounds as well as on the simplicity of the calculation and, in contrast to percentage of average weight, the applicability to all populations at all times.
Indices of obesity derived from body weight and height.
A reliable, practicable, and generally acceptable index of obesity would have important epidemio logical, actuarial, and clinical applications; but many difficulties stand in the way of providing such an index.
Indices of Adiposity
The index cannot distinguish between heaviness due to adiposity, muscularity, or oedema, and should not be used in investigations where differential water retention may have an important influence on body weight, nor to compare groups of unusually muscular persons, such as athletes, with groups not so selected.
Consciousness of Body: Private and Public
A self-report instrument yielded two separate factors: private body consciousness (awareness of internal sensations) and public body consciousness (awareness of observable aspects of body). For each
Obesity: The Regulation of Weight
A fat paperback itself, this contains more information than most general practitioners would want to try digesting: it is heavily weighted towards the psychiatric aspects of its subject (the author
Obesity and women—II. A neglected feminist topic
Synopsis This second paper places these findings on obesity in a feminist context and examines the political dimension of obesity for women. It examines the possibility that in Western society