Gender aspects in heart failure. Pathophysiology and medical therapy.

@article{RegitzZagrosek2004GenderAI,
  title={Gender aspects in heart failure. Pathophysiology and medical therapy.},
  author={Vera Regitz-Zagrosek and Elke Lehmkuhl and Hans Brendan Lehmkuhl and Roland Hetzer},
  journal={Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux},
  year={2004},
  volume={97 9},
  pages={899-908}
}
Gender differences in the syndrome of heart failure (HF) occur in etiology and pathophysiology and lead to differences in the clinical presentation and course of the syndrome. In addition, gender specific treatment responses and gender associated differences in the behavior of treating physicians are found. Hypertension and diabetes play a major role as causes of HF in women and both interact in their pathophysiology with the renin angiotensin system (RAS). Modulation of the RAS by estrogens… CONTINUE READING

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