Gender and the Career Choice Process: The Role of Biased Self‐Assessments1

@article{Correll2001GenderAT,
  title={Gender and the Career Choice Process: The Role of Biased Self‐Assessments1},
  author={Shelley J. Correll},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  year={2001},
  volume={106},
  pages={1691 - 1730}
}
  • S. Correll
  • Published 1 May 2001
  • Sociology
  • American Journal of Sociology
This article develops a supply‐side mechanism about how cultural beliefs about gender differentially influence the early career‐relevant decisions of men and women. Cultural beliefs about gender are argued to bias individuals' perceptions of their competence at various career‐relevant tasks, controlling for actual ability. To the extent that individuals then act on gender‐differentiated perceptions when making career decisions, cultural beliefs about gender channel men and women in… 

Constraints into Preferences: Gender, Status, and Emerging Career Aspirations

This study presents an experimental evaluation of a model that describes the constraining effect of cultural beliefs about gender on the emerging career-relevant aspirations of men and women. The

Mind the (Gender) Gap. Gender, Gender Role Types, and Their Effects on Objective Career Success over Time

Drawing on ideas by Pierre Bourdieu, this paper analyzes the effects of gender and gender role type (GRT) for objective career success (i.e., income) over time. Empirically, data from two cohorts of

Strategies for combating gendered perceptions of careers

Purpose – Earlier work on career choice has identified that career choice involves gendered processes which lead to differentiated career outcomes for women and men. However, this literature remained

Gender and Entrepreneurship as a Career Choice

The gender gap in entrepreneurship has typically been understood through women’s structural disadvantages in acquiring the resources relevant for successful business ownership. This study builds on

The Self-Expressive Edge of Occupational Sex Segregation1

  • E. Cech
  • Psychology
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 2013
Recent gender scholarship speculates that occupational sex segregation is reproduced in large part through the gendered, self-expressive career decisions of men and women. This article examines the

THE ROLE OF GENDER IN EVALUATIONS OF SCIENTIFIC COMPETENCE

Women remain noticeably underrepresented in science despite remarkable gains in other fields, and in this dissertation, I posit that biased assessments of competence are a mechanism for fewer women

Gendered career expectations in context: the relevance of normative and comparative reference groups

Abstract Although women are increasingly entering male-dominated careers, they remain strongly underrepresented in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) occupations. While previous

Sex-Differences in Job-Allocation: What Drives Women`s Investments in Their Jobs?

Women tend to concentrate in jobs that require lower investments in specific skills and this has negative consequences for their earnings. This paper proposes a supply-side model with macrolevel

The Gender-Career Estimation Gap

The paper discusses gender differences with regard to the self- and reciprocal estimation of career expectations. Firstly, the theoretical background and the literature are identified. Within this
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 80 REFERENCES

INTERACTION AND THE CONSERVATION OF GENDER INEQUALITY: CONSIDERING EMPLOYMENT*

How can we explain the persistence of gender hierarchy over transformnations in its socioeconomic base? Part of the answer lies in the mediation of gender inequality by taken-for-granted

Gender and Interpersonal Task Behaviors: Status Expectation Accounts

In this paper we argue for the utility of status characteristics theory (Berger et al. 1977) in accounting for research concerned with gender differences in interpersonal task situations. We state

Gender and double standards in the assessment of job applicants

This study tests hypotheses on the use of gender-based double standards in the assessment of task competence. The design involves the examination of files of applicants for engineering jobs, and

Gender Comparisons of Mathematics Attitudes and Affect: A Meta-Analysis

This article reports the complex results of meta-analyses of gender differences in attitudes and affect specific to mathematics. Overall, effect sizes were small and were similar in size to gender

Sex Segregation in the Workplace

This chapter reviews research on the segregation of women and men in the workplace. After examining ways to measure segregation, I summarize trends in sex segregation in the United States and

Status, communality, and agency: implications for stereotypes of gender and other groups.

TLDR
Four studies addressed the hypothesis, based on correspondence bias, that low- relative to high-status individuals are perceived as more communal and less agentic, and received clear support in Studies 3 and 4, in which a general instantiation of status independent of occupations, social roles, and gender was adopted.

Creating Gender Equality: Cross-National Gender Stratification and Mathematical Performance.

This study uses data on sex differences in the eight-grade mathematica performance of over 77 000 students in 19 countries, 1964 and 1982 data on such differences in 9 countries, and data on gender

Limiting Inequality through Interaction: The End(s) of Gender

Sociologists have recognized increasingly that gender is not primarily a role or identity. Instead, it is an institutionalized system of social practices for constituting people as two significantly

Gender at Work

Three themes are drawn together in this book: gender and sexuality, the organisation of work, and the impact of technological change. Their inter-relationship is explored in six area studies:

The Path to Math: Gender and Racial-Ethnic Differences in Mathematics Participation from Middle School to High School.

This study traced the development of gender differences in learning opportunities, achievement, and choice in mathematics among White, African American, and Latino students using data from a
...