Gender and Interpersonal Task Behaviors: Status Expectation Accounts

@article{Wagner1997GenderAI,
  title={Gender and Interpersonal Task Behaviors: Status Expectation Accounts},
  author={David G. Wagner and Joseph Berger},
  journal={Sociological Perspectives},
  year={1997},
  volume={40},
  pages={1 - 32}
}
In this paper we argue for the utility of status characteristics theory (Berger et al. 1977) in accounting for research concerned with gender differences in interpersonal task situations. We state and defend a basic status argument that differences in stereotypical gender task behaviors are a direct function of status differences or of attempts to cope with status differences. We show support for this argument in several areas of research: the influence, participation and performer evaluations… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Status-based expectancies for aggression, with regard to gender differences in aggression in social psychological research

Meta-analyses of social psychological research have identified gender differences in aggression [Bettencourt and Miller, 1996; Eagly and Steffen, 1986], which have been understood to date in terms of

Status, Personality, and Gender Stereotyping: Response to Commentators

Status differences between women and men can explain why they perceive themselves as having different personality traits. The status explanation of gender stereotyping is discussed in relation to two

Status and the Gender Stereotyped Personality Traits: Toward an Integration

This paper integrates research findings on status and the gender stereotyped personality traits and examines the extent to which women’s lower status than men can account for two components of gender

Gender, Status, and Leadership

More than a trait of individuals, gender is an institutionalized system of social practices. The gender system is deeply entwined with social hierarchy and leadership because gender stereotypes

The Power of Language: Gender, Status, and Agency in Performance Evaluations

In the workplace, women often encounter gender stereotypes and biases that reinforce the existing gender hierarchy, may hinder women’s career aspirations and retention, and may limit their ability to

Social Rules for Managing Attempted Interpersonal Domination in the Workplace: Influence of Status and Gender

The present study utilized a social rules approach to investigate the relative influence of gender and status on managers' self-evaluations of their effectiveness in handling a dominating

Small-group Interaction and Gender

Gender, status and the use of power strategies

Department of Psychology, Bar-Ilan University,Ramat Gan, IsraelAbstractThe present study examined the effects of gender and status on the use of power strategies. Theexperiment consisted of a

Attitude toward women's societal roles moderates the effect of gender cues on target individuation.

TLDR
6 studies suggested that progressive participants were motivated to individuate women by their belief that it is important to improve the status of women and other groups low in power and by their identification with women and feminism, whereas participants with a "traditional" attitude made fewer errors for male targets.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 80 REFERENCES

What Is the Relationship Between Socioemotional Behavior and Status in Task Groups?

This paper analyzes the way task proceedings engender emotional reactions, the conditions under which these are expressed in positive and negative socioemotional behavior, and their effect on the

Can gender inequalities be reduced

Research demonstrates that sex or gender remains a powerful basis of inequality in the expectations and behavior of men and women in mixed-sex task groups. Drawing upon the work of Epstein (1970) and

Sex vs. status in sex-associated stereotypes

The trait content of sex stereotypes can be created by social role status alone, without reference to sex. In contemporary culture sex and role status are confounded: Authority roles are played by

Sex differences in interaction style as a product of perceived sex differences in competence.

TLDR
Findings support the idea that the gender differences obtained in interaction when status was not specified were partially a function of group members' belief that the sexes differ in competence.

Gender and Sex Role Differences in Group Decision‐Making Social Interactions: A Behavioral Analysis1

Sex role formulations assume relationships between role orientation and adjustive social behavior. However, few studies have examined behavioral differences with respect to both gender and sex role

Status in Groups: The Importance of Motivation.

This paper presents evidence that members' perceived motivation towards the group is an important determinant of the influence and status they attain in task-oriented groups. Following Meeker and

Expectations, legitimation, and dominance behavior in task groups.

This paper proposes an expectation states theory of the legitimation of power and prestige orders in task groups. Valued status positions are a reward for those whose distribution members develop

Status and Participation in Six-Person Groups: A Test of Skvoretz's Comparative Status Model

A mathematical model of participation in n-person groups, derived from expectation states theory by Skvoretz (a), was tested in six-person task-oriented groups with systematically varying sex

Are Gender Differences Status Differences

Are gender differences in interaction a result of women’s lower status and power in society as a whole? A number of researchers have argued that they are (Berger, Rosenholtz, & Zelditch, 1980;

Situation and person‐centered approaches to promoting leadership behavior in low performance self‐esteem women

In each of 84 mixed-sex dyads, a low performance self-esteem woman was appointed to the role of leader in the dyad's decision-making task. Situation and person-centered approaches to promoting the
...